Close to Nivelles is Seneffe, where Conde defeated William of Orange in 1674, and at Nivelles itself the French under Marceau defeated the Austrians in 1794.
Francois Severin Marceau-Desgraviers >>
Joubert died before it could be shown whether his genius was of the first rank, but he was at any rate marked out as a future great captain by the greatest captain of all ages, and his countrymen intuitively associated him with Hoche and Marceau as a great leader whose early death disappointed their highest hopes.
The Convention resolved to bring the war to an end before October, and placed the troops under the undivided command, first of Jean Lechelle and then of Louis Turreau, who had as subordinates such men as Marceau, Kleber and Westermann.
This drew down upon the archbishop-elector the wrath of the French republicans; in 1794 Coblenz was taken by the Revolutionary army under Marceau (who fell during the siege), and, after the peace of Luneville, it was made the chief town of the Rhine and Mosel department (1798).
In these operations began his intimacy with Marceau, with whom he defeated the Royalists at Le Mans and Savenay.
Charavaray, Les Generaux morts pour la patrie; General Pajol, Kleber; lives of Marceau and Desaix; M.
MARCEAU - DESGRAVIERS, FRANCOIS Severin (1769-1796), French general, was born at Chartres on the 1st of March 1769.
Whilst on furlough in Paris Marceau joined in the attack on the Bastille (July 14, 1789); after that event he took his discharge from the regular army and returned to Chartres, but the embarrassments of his family soon compelled him to seek fresh military enployment.
Early in March 1792 he was elected lieutenant-colonel of one of the battalions of the Eure-et-Loire; he took part in the defence of Verdun in 1792, and it fell to his lot to bear the proposals of capitulation to the Prussian camp. The spiritless conduct of the defenders excited the wrath of the revolutionary authorities, and Marceau was fortunate in escaping arrest and finding re-employment as a captain in the regular service.
For the victory of Cholet Kleber was made general of division and Marceau confirmed as general of brigade.
Marceau, who became general of division (Nov.
After the battle of Le Mans, Marceau rescued and protected a young Royalist lady, Angelique des Mesliers.
Marceau had already retired from the war, exhausted by the fatigues of the campaign, and he and Kleber were saved from arrest and execution only by the intervention of Bourbotte.
Marceau became affianced about this time to Agathe Lepretre de Chateaugiron, but his constant military employment, his broken health, and the opposition of the comte de Chateaugiron on the one hand and of Marceau's devoted half-sister "Emira," wife of the Republican politician Sergent, on the other, prevented the realization of his hopes.
See Maze, Le General Marceau (1889); Parfait, Le General Marceau (1892); and T.
C. Johnson, Marceau (London, 1896).