But in the end they became less fanatical than the Murabtis, and Ya`kub el Mansur was a highly accomplished man, who wrote a good Arabic style and who protected the philosopher Averroes.
His title of El Mansur, "The Victorious," was earned by the defeat he inflicted on Alphonso VIII.
Ibn Mansur, the Samanid amir of Bokhara.
Abu '1 Kasim Mansur (or Hasan), who took the nom de plume of Firdousi, author of the epic poem the Shahnama, or "Book of Kings," a complete history of Persia in nearly 60,000 verses, was born at Shadab, a suburb of Tus, about the year 329 of the Hegira (941 A.D.), or earlier.
Abu Mansur, the governor of Tus, patronized him and encouraged him by substantial pecuniary support.
Nuh (954-961); Mansur I.
Mansur, whose court-poet Daqiqi (Dakiki) began the Shahnama (976-997); Mansur II.
A Turkish slave, Alptagin, had been entrusted with the government of Bokhara, but, showing himself hostile to Mansur I., he was compelled to fly and to take refuge in the mountainous regions of Ghazni, where he soon established a semi-independent rule, to which, after his death in 977 (367 A.H.), his son-in-law Sabuktagin, likewise a former Turkish slave, succeeded.
Mahmud refrained for the moment from vindicating his right; but, as soon as, through court intrigues, Mansur II.
1 7 So) this tomb bore an inscription setting forth that Ayesha Khanum, the wife of the governor of Bagdad, was buried here in 1488, her grave having been made in the ancient sepulchre of the lady Zobeide (Zobaida), granddaughter of Caliph Mansur and wife of Harun al-Rashid, who died in A.D.
References in the Jewish Talmud show that this city still continued to exist at and after the commencement of our era; but according to Arabian writers, at the time when the Arab city of Bagdad was founded by the caliph Mansur, there was nothing on that site except an old convent.
The Arab city, the old or round city of Bagdad, was founded by the caliph Mansur of the Abbasid dynasty on the west side of the Tigris just north of the Isa canal in A.D.
In the 10th century it suffered severely, being repeatedly pillaged in the wars of the Fatimite caliphs Al-Qaim and Abu Tahir Ismail el Mansur with the Sunnite leader Abu Yazid and the Zenata Berbers.
Rabat was founded by Yak'ub el Mansur in 1184, but Salli was then already an ancient city, and on the scarped hills to the west of Rabat stand the ruins of Sala, a Roman colony, known as Shelia.
Other mosques of some note are those of Ibn Yusef, El Mansur and El Mo`izz; the chapel of Sidi Bel Abbas, in the extreme north of the city, possesses property of great value, and serves as an almshouse and asylum.
Previously the name of the Samanid sovereign, Mansur II.
In 762 he took part in the rising led by Ibrahim ibn 'Abdallah ibn al-IIasan, the 'Alid, called "The Pure Soul," against the caliph al-Mansur, and after the defeat and death of Ibrahim was cast into prison.
Al Kasr al Kebir was built, according to Leo Africanus, by Yakub el Mansur (1184-1199).
Mansur al-Ruaini, 162 (779).
Mansur, 236238 (851852).
When the vigorous Spanish sultan Mansur b.
Mansur, the second of the house, who transferred the seat of government to Bagdad, fought successfully against the peoples of Asia Minor, and the reigns of Harun al-Rashid (786-809) and Mamun (813833) were periods of extraordinary splendour.
His Arabic name was Mansur (the victor), and he received the epithet Chrysorrhoas (gold-pouring) on account of his eloquence.
We find him at different periods in Seville, Cordova and Morocco, probably as physician to Yusef al-Mansur, who took pleasure in engaging him in discussions on the theories of philosophy and their bearings on the faith of Islam.
He died in the year before his patron, al-Mansur, with whom (in 1199) the political power of the Moslems came to an end, as did the culture of liberal science with Averroes.
The governorship of Irak was confided to a Kalbite, Mansur b.
Mansur had hardly been three months in office when Yazid replaced him by Abdallah, son of Omar II.
This adventurer now went into Media (Jabal), where a great number of maulas and Shiites, even members of the reigning dynasty and of the Abbasid family, such as the future caliph Mansur, rejoined him.
Ibn Omar was taken prisoner; Mansur b.
Hisham and Mansur b.
In Sind the Omayyad governor, Mansur b.
- Abu`l-Abbas had designated as his successors first Abu Ja`far, surnamed al-Mansur (the victorious), and after him his cousin `Isa b.
The first care of Mansur was now to get rid of the powerful Abu Moslim, who had thus by another brilliant service strengthened his great reputation.
On pretence of conferring with him on important business of state, Mansur induced him, in spite of the warnings of his best general, Abu Nasr, to come to Madam (Ctesiphon), and in the most perfidious manner caused him to be murdered by his guards.
A witty man, being asked his opinion about Abu Ja`far (Mansur) and Abu Moslim, said, alluding to the Koran 21, verse 22, "if there were two Gods, the universe would be ruined."
Mansur had written to Abdarrahman, announcing the death of Abu`l-Abbas, and requiring him to take the oath of allegiance.
He called the people together at the hour of prayer, publicly cursed Mansur from the pulpit and declared him deposed.
While Mansur was thus losing Africa and Spain, he was trying to redeem the losses the empire had sustained on the northern frontier by the Byzantines.
Mansur now sent in 757 an army of 70,000 men under the command of his cousin Abda]wahhab, the son of Ibrahim the Imam, whom he had made governor of Mesopotamia, the real chief being Hasan b.
But from 758 till 763 Mansur was so occupied with his own affairs that he could not think of further raids.
Mansur being told of it said: "I would rather they went to hell in obedience to us, than to heaven in disobedience."
Hasan, whom they called the Mandi and the "pure soul," and Mansur had been among those who pledged themselves to him by oath.
In 758 Mansur, informed that a revolt was in preparation, came himself to Medina and ordered Abdallah to tell him where his sons were.
For fifty days Mansur stayed in his room, neither changing his clothes nor allowing himself a moment's repose.
Had Ibrahim marched at once against Kufa he might have crushed Mansur, but he let slip the opportunity.
Mansur could now give his mind to the founding of the new capital.
So Bagdad, or properly "the round city" of Mansur, on the western bank of the Tigris, was built as the capital.
The reign of Abu'l-Abbas and the first part of that of Mansur had been almost a continuation of the former period.
This Khalid, who was descended from an old sacerdotal family in Balkh, and had been one of the trusty supporters of Abu Moslim, Mansur appointed as minister of finance.
Mansur discovered his abode, and caused him to be killed.
775) Mansur undertook a pilgrimage to Mecca, but succumbed to dysentery at the last station on the route.
Mansur discovered this in the same year in which he died, and threatened him with death unless he should pay to the treasury three millions of dirhems within three days.
Thereupon Mansur overlooked the deficiency and gave Khalid the government of Mosul.
- As soon as Mansur was dead, Rabi`, his client and chamberlain, induced all the princes and generals who accompanied the caliph, to take the oath of allegiance to his son Mahommed al-Mandi, who was then at Bagdad.
Mansur wrote in his testament to his son that he had brought together so much money that, even if no revenue should come in for ten years, it would suffice for all the wants of the state.
During the reign of Mansur the annual raids against the Byzantines had taken place almost without intermission, but the only feat of importance had been the conquest of Laodicea, called "the burnt" () KaTaxeKav,avn), by Ma`yuf b.
Mansur, the caliph's representative in the pilgrimage of that year, was entrusted with the command against him.
Al Mansur loved poetry and was fond of hearing poets repeat their own verses.
The caliph, Al Mansur, lived nearly twelve hundred years ago.