MAFEKING, a town in the British Bechuanaland division of the Cape, 870 m.
Mafeking is thus an important trading and distributing centre for Bechuanaland and the western Transvaal.
Mafeking was originally the headquarters of the Barolong tribe of Bechuana and is still their largest station, the native location (pop. 2860) being about a mile distant from the town.
North of Mafeking, that Dr Jameson started, on the 29th of December 1895, on his raid into the Transvaal.
On the outbreak of the Anglo-Boer war in 1899 Mafeking was invested by a Boer force.
In September 1904 Lord Roberts unveiled at Mafeking an obelisk bearing the names of those who fell in defence of the town.
Baden-Powell's Sketches in Mafeking and East Africa (1907) and Lady Sarah Wilson's South African Memories (1909) deal largely with the siege of Mafeking.
Following the relief of Mafeking, 17th of May 1900, Zeerust was occupied by the British under General R.
The northern edge of the plateau follows an irregular line from somewhat north of Mafeking on the west to the Mauchberg on the east.
In places, as between Mafeking and Johannesburg, the descent is in terracelike steps, each step marked by a line of hills; in other places there is a gradual slope and elsewhere the descent is abrupt, with outlying hills and deep well-wooded valleys.
On the following day the Boer attack on an armoured train at Kraaipan, a railway station in Cape Colony south of Mafeking and close to the western frontier of the Transvaal, witnessed the first hostile shot of a bloody war, destined to plunge South Africa into strife for two years and a half.
It opened with the investment of Mafeking by a Transvaal force under P. A.
Pending the arrival of Lord Roberts and reinforcements, the situation in South Africa remained at a deadlock: the three besieged towns - Mafeking, Kimberley and Ladysmith - still held their own, but no headway was made by the relief columns; all they could do was to stand on the defensive.
Plumer's Rhodesian levies from the north, on the 17th of May relieved Mafeking, where Colonel (Lieut.-General Sir) R.
The object of this action was to push back the Boers from the neighbourhood of Pretoria, but no sooner was this done than the ncrth-western Transvaal became active, in spite of Hunter's and Baden-Powell's advance from Mafeking through this district.
The part incorporated in Cape Colony, is Mafeking, near the headwaters of the Molopo river.
North of Mafeking on the railway to Bulawayo are the small towns of Gaberones and Francistown.
North-north-east of Mafeking, and took the place of the abandoned capital Palapye, which in its turn had succeeded Shoshong.
There are gold-bearing quartz reefs at Madibi, near Mafeking, where mining began in 1906.
Critics who have lived in London during the relief of Mafeking have blamed Beethoven for his realism.
Chartered Y D J Accordingly some troops were brought from Rhodesia and stationed near Mafeking, a few miles from the Transvaal frontier.
At a later date he was accused of delay in forwarding artillery and rifles for the defence of Kimberley, Mafeking and other towns of the colony.
The effect of this was entirely to cut off Mafeking, the northernmost town in Cape Colony, and it remained in a state of siege for over seven months.
With the relief of Mafeking on the 17th of May, the Cape rebellion ended, and the colony was, at least for a time, delivered of the presence of hostile forces.
Mafeking (2713), in the extreme north of the colony near the Transvaal frontier, Taungs (2715) and Vryburg (2985) are in Bechuanaland.
Gold is obtained from mines on the Madibi Reserve, near Mafeking - the outcrop extending about 30 m.
To Mafeking (870 m.), Bulawayo (1360m.), the Victoria Falls on the Zambezi (1623 m.) and the Belgian Congo frontier, whilst a branch from Bulawayo runs via Salisbury to Beira,- 2037 m.