Machines used for lifting only are not called cranes, but winches, lifts or hoists, while the term elevator or conveyor is commonly given to appliances which continuously, not in separate loads, move materials like grain or coal in a vertical, horizontal or diagonal direction.
To lend gins and improved machines for cleaning and preparing cotton."
Grue), machines by means of which heavy bodies may be lifted, and also displaced horizontally, within certain defined limits.
In 1895, at Darlington, the competitions were confined to hay-making machines and clover-making machines.
It is not to our discredit that machines can perform calculations so wondrously fast; rather it is to our credit that we conceived of and built such machines.
We can build these machines to do an incomprehensibly large range of tasks.
As, however, these machines impressed the popular imagination, they naturally figure largely in the traditions about him.
In the measuring machines in general use the field of view, as in the case of the glass-scale micrometer, is sufficiently large to include the image of the 5 mm.
Per forating machines equipped with typewriter keyboards are used for the preparation of the messages, two or three keyboard perforators being employed at each end of the telegraph lines on which the Murray system is used.
These currents are furnished by an alternator which transmits sine currents over the line and operates a motor at the distant end of the line, both machines running in synchronism.
This system of course requires that the exchange equipment shall include machines _ capable of delivering a positive pulsating current and a negative pulsating current, besides the usual alternations required for the ringing of ordinary subscribers.
In another party line system a harmonic principle is employed: the ringing machines deliver alternating currents of four frequencies, while each bell is constructed to operate at a particular frequency only.
Again, the practical engineers who are building aeroplanes, and those who are making practical tests by actual flight in those machines, cannot be called "researchers"; that term should be confined to the members, for example, of the scientific committee appointed by the British Government in 1909 to make investigations regarding aerial construction and navigation.
The industries include iron-founding, tanning, and the manufacture of machines, tobacco and gloves.
They carry on agriculture wheat-growing on a large scale - with the aid of modern agricultural machines, and breed cattle and horses.
His description of the different kinds of ploughs is interesting; and he justly recommends such as were drawn by two horses (some even by one horse) in preference to the weighty and clumsy machines which required four or more horses or oxen.
The Chaff-cutting Machines (Accidents) Act 1897 is a measure very similar in its intention to the Threshing Machines Act 1878, and provides for the automatic prevention of accidents to persons in charge of chaff-cutting machines.
In 1875, at Taunton, special prizes were awarded for onehorse and two-horse mowing-machines, hay-making machines, horse-rakes (self-acting and not self-acting), guards to the drums of threshing-machines, and combined guards and feeders to the drums of threshing-machines.
In 1893, at Chester, self-binding harvesters and sheep-shearing machines (power) were the appliances respectively in competition.
In 1894, at Cambridge, the awards were for fixed and portable oil engines, potato-spraying and tree-spraying machines, sheep-dipping apparatus and churns.
In 1896, at Leicester, prizes were awarded after trial to potatoplanting machines, potato-raising machines and butter-drying machines.
In 1898, at Birmingham, a prize of £ioo was given for a self-moving vehicle for light loads, ioo and 50 for self-moving vehicles for heavy loads, and fio for safety feeder to chaff-cutter, in accordance with the Chaffcutting Machines (Accidents) Act 1897.
In 1899, at Maidstone, special prizes were offered for machines for washing hops with liquid insecticides, cream separators (power and hand), machines for the evaporation of fruit and vegetables, and packages for the carriage of (a) soft fruit, (b) hard fruit.
In 1900, at York, the competitions were concerned with horse-power cultivators, self-moving steam diggers, milking machines and sheep-shearing machines (power and hand).
For the same reason potato-planting and potato-lifting machines were also in greater requisition.
Very simple machines are used in some parts of Africa.
Saw gins are not adapted to long-stapled cottons, such as Sea Island and Egyptian, which are generally ginned by machines of the Macarthy type.
Moveable gins were tried for a time in some places; they were dragged by traction engines from farm to farm, like threshing machines in parts of England, but the plan proved uneconomical because, among other reasons, farmers were not prepared to meet the cost of providing facilities for storing their cotton.
The chief iron-foundries are to be found at Witkowitz, Stefanau, ZOptau and Rossitz; while industrial machines are manufactured at Briinn, Blansko and Adamsthal.
Machines are manufactured here; beer is brewed, and shipbuilding is carried on.
The most important manufactures are iron and steel, carriage hardware, electrical supplies, bridges, boilers, engines, car wheels, sewing machines, printing presses, agricultural implements, and various other commodities made wholly or chiefly from iron and steel.
It is obtained by breaking up the roots or rhizomes in hot water and separating the rubber, and machines have now been devised for this purpose.
Among the manufactures are cut glass, stoves and ranges, kitchen furniture, guns, thread-cutting machines, brooms and agricultural implements.
Many of the wooden and iron vessels listed in the Naval Annual, 1906, though obsolete and of no value whatever as fighting machines, are used for river and harbour service, and in the suppression of trifling insurrections.
Wise machines are dramatically more valuable than machines that just store and retrieve information.
More precisely, we will probably teach machines to teach themselves how to process it for us and surface findings to us.
To make my case that machines will bring about the end of ignorance, I begin with a company I admire: Amazon.com, the world's largest online retailer.
A century later, machines entered the scene.
Machines can actually do a very limited palette of things.
But give credit where credit is due: For certain tasks, machines perform vastly better than humans.
So now that the task of remembering past purchases and using that information to suggest future purchases is completely transitioned to machines, it operates on a whole different scale.
That includes data you voluntarily provide so that machines make better suggestions, data it learns about you based on its prior interactions with you, and public data taken from the Internet (your age, for instance).
We will just sit back and let the machines sort it all out.
No human could ever do this, for in these purely computational matters, machines are vastly superior to us, and always will be.
Machines will never, in my opinion, be able to be creative.
The idea was that it would be great to make machines that behaved like us and, through that, we could harness their abilities.
And in a coming section on robotics, we will discuss the molecular machines called nanites—tiny, molecular-sized robots that will swim around in your body fighting disease, repairing damage, and alerting you to problems (and will likely dramatically increase the human lifespan).
As we envision a world where machines do more and more work that people used to do, our minds naturally turn to those who would be displaced by technological advance.
Machines multiply our labor and increase our ability to do work.
Think of all the machines you use to do your job.
Machines could, in theory, do all kinds of jobs in the world.
We only have people doing this work because we have not yet developed the technology to get machines to do it.
What if machines did all the things they could in theory do?
Machines cannot and never will do these things.
And the sooner we get machines to do the things they can do, freeing up people to do what they can do, the happier and wealthier we all will be.
Have I convinced you that replacing people with machines frees people from the bondage of doing machine work?
The next chapter will explore how far this can go, how many of our daily tasks machines could assume.
And when I say robots, I don't mean androids, which are people-shaped machines doing the work of people.
As robotic technology advances, we are being forced to readjust our expectations of machines' capabilities.
Machines are not persons and so cannot have personalities.
Generally defined, nanotechnology is the field concerned with creating machines along the scale of a nanometer, a billionth of a meter.
Frictionless coatings that never wear out in machines that last for centuries.
As much as I would like to continue with speculations about molecular-sized machines, I have a larger thesis to prove.
We can build machines to specialize even further.
Now we can have something completely different: Division of labor between machines and people.
When I talk about this future, a future in which machines will do more and more of the work people do now, I always get some variant of the same question: What about the people who lose their jobs to machines and don't have any other skills?
Simply because only so many jobs can, in theory, be replaced by machines does not imply anything about the ability of the people now doing them.
It may seem intuitive at first glance, this idea that somehow there are only so many jobs and if you replace people with machines, people have fewer jobs.
But many people's lives do follow humdrum, dispiriting patterns because we employ too many people doing work that machines should be doing.
As machines do ever more things that we used to do, we will have more choices for how we spend our time.
Plants themselves are pretty inefficient machines, at least from the standpoint of being good food sources for us.
All the work is done by machines already.
So in the present and future, when a technology comes along that represents such a change—that saves details of our activities with which to advise us later, or has us speaking to machines as if they were creatures—it will simply be more of the same.
The economy makes new machines that replace manual labor because many thousands of people are paid very well to do so.
There were three metal objects with dials and switches; machines I'll call them, from which the wires ran.
Blessedly the machines took coins.
It's Howie's head so it's his choice but the machines, are mine exclusively.
Howie refuses to leave without taking all those machines with him.
Ben, could you start up Quinn's machines and see if maybe you could get them to work?
We each did our own thing and the machines were solely his responsibility.
After examining the various dials and switches on Quinn's machines, I had a fairly clear idea of each; I could turn it on and increase and decrease the settings.
While the hum of the machines broke up the silence of the room, I was making zero progress.
Alarmed, she picked her way through the rows of machines towards the door leading to the sparring mats.
He turned both machines off and left his quarters for the command center.
Cattle were hired for ploughing, working the watering-machines, carting, threshing, etc. The Code fixed a statutory wage for sowers, ox-drivers, field-labourers, and hire for oxen, asses, &c.
Far from being destroyed by the competition of the " modern " factories, domestic industries have well maintained their ground, new branches of petty trade having sprung up in some districts, among them the manufacture of agricultural machinery (thrashing machines in Ryazan, Vyatka and Perm; ploughs in Smolensk, &c.) deserves notice.
The employment of agricultural machines received considerable impetus from the Great Exhibition of 1851.
Most of the automobiles are manufactured in Cleveland; most of the cash registers and calculating machines in Dayton; most of the rubber and elastic goods in Akron; nearly one-half of the liquors and about three-fourths of the men's clothing in Cincinnati.
Great efforts have been made to devise cottonpicking machines, but, as yet, complete success has not been attained.
In modern commercial cotton production ginning machines are always used.
The machines surface this information.
It's not only Quinn and his machines that are important; I need guidance even more.
The room was dark except for the light above Jonny's bed and the red and green lights dotting the machines keeping him alive.
Several Guardians used the rows of machines or free weights while a few were gathered around the boxing ring in a corner.
He swiped a badge to enter what she imagined was the Mecca of all science labs, with rows of stainless steel, machines, computers, and glass.
"I don't trust these machines and who might overhear," she said.
I bought one of those answering machines and I let the phone ring until it gives my messages and I find out who's calling.
I have tried many machines, and I find the Hammond is the best adapted to the peculiar needs of my work.
Only the machines kept his body working.
I've tried traditional medicine" he motioned to the machines lining the perimeter of the room "and my magic."
In 1891, at Doncaster, special prizes were given for combined portable threshing and finishing machines, and cream separators (hand and power).