Allies of the first Hasmonaeans in their struggles against the Greeks (1 Macc. v.
35; 2 Macc. v.
See the Icelandic account of the elephant, also a decidedly Alexandrian fragment upon the 7.iapyos, founded upon 4 Macc. i.
5, 6; 2 Macc. i.
The author of 2 Maccabees infers from his success that the nation had forfeited all right to divine protection for the time (2 Macc. v.
Slew a Jew who came to sacrifice and the king's officer and pulled down the altar " (1 Macc. ii.
Bacchides and Alcimus returned meanwhile into the land of Judah; at Elasa " Judas fell and the rest fled " (i Macc. ix.
30; 1 Macc. i.
In 2 Macc. xii.
I Macc. v.
The dress was of crimson (7ropcbupa); this and the badges were the king's gift, and except by royal grant neither crimson nor gold might, apparently, be worn at court (1 Macc. ro, 20; 62; 89; 11, 58; Athen.
285; 2 Macc. ix.
Nothing more is known of him, and the name is only given by Josephus (not in 1 Macc. ii.
The wild legends of its preservation at the taking of Jerusalem (2 Macc. ii.
The History of Johannes Hyrcanus is mentioned in r Macc. xvi.
Hippolytus tells us that in his time most Christians said " the Psalms of David," and believed the whole book to be his; but this title and belief are both of Jewish origin, for in 2 Macc. ii.
Is referred (as a prophecy) in i Macc. vii.
With 1 Macc. xiii.
10-17, with the parallel i Macc. i 11-15).
The legend in 2 Macc. i.
Under the form Gazera it is mentioned (1 Macc. iv.
It was first taken from the Syrians by Simon the Asmonean (1 Macc. xiv.
The historical interest of Michmash is connected with the strategical importance of the position, commanding the north side of the Pass of Michmash, which made it the headquarters of the Philistines and the centre of their forays in their attempt to quell the first rising under Saul, as it was also at a later date the headquarters of Jonathan the Hasinonaean (1 Macc. ix.
1 Macc. x.
Restored by the Roman Gabinius from the ruins to which it had been reduced by the Jewish wars (1 Macc. v.
The Mount Azotus of r Macc. ix.
6-12; i Macc. iii.
According to other traditions he restored the templeservice and founded a collection of historical documents (2 Macc. i.
I Macc. iii.
In 2 Macc. ii.
These statements are found in a part of 2 Macc. which.
Rise of the Maccabees (I Macc. ii.).
Victories of Judas Maccabaeus over the generals of Antiochus (I Macc. iii.-iv.).
Re-dedication of the Temple on 25th Chisleu (December), I Macc. iv.
Death of Judas Maccabaeus (1 Macc. ix.
Jonathan, younger brother of Judas, leader of the loyal Jews (I Macc. ix.
Simon, elder brother of Judas (i Macc. xiii.-xvi.).
Seq., the sequel of which belongs to the canonical Ezra), and the martyrdom of Eleazer (2 Macc. vi.
It is suggested that the name Aristobulus was taken from 2 Macc. i.
II; i Macc. ii.
1 Macc. xiv.
R Macc. viii.
This renders it impossible to accept Haupt's suggestion that Purim is connected with the celebration of Nicanor's Day, to celebrate the triumph of Judas Maccabaeus over the Syrian general Nicanor at Adasa (161 B.C.) on the 13th of Adar, since this is the date of the Fast of Esther, and, besides, the Second Book of Maccabees, which refers to Nicanor's Day, speaks of it as the day before Mordecai's Day (2 Macc. xvi.
The festival is first mentioned in 2 Macc. xv.
But there is an interesting parallel in the legend of the kindling of the sacred fire and the igniting of the "thick water" in the time of Nehemiah (2 Macc. i.
A notice of its history in 147 B.C. is found in 1 Macc. x.
39 sqq.; 2 Macc. X.
1.13 f.; 2 Macc. 4., 10 f.).
In Maccabean times Joseph and Azarias attacked it unsuccessfully (1 Macc. v.
55-62; 2 Macc. xii.
A tradition preserved in 2 Macc. iii.
A bribe for the high-priesthood and another for leave and to convert Jerusalem into a Greek city (2 Macc. iv.
The party who wished to make a covenant with the heathen (1 Macc. i.
Menelaus, the brother of Simon the Benjamite, had bought the high-priesthood over the head of Jason, who fled into the country of the Ammonites, in 172 B.C. (2 Macc. iv.
The practice of Judaism was prohibited by a royal edict (r Macc. i.
41-63; 2 Macc. vi.-vii.