Gascon litigants were wont to appeal from Bordeaux to Pari.~.
Except where the litigants and witnesses are German, the Serbo-Croatian language is used.
This rule was applied even where both litigants were " spiritual."
Another concession which Henry was forced to make was that the appeals to Rome of litigants in ecclesiastical suits should be freely permitted, provided that they made an oath that they were not contemplating any wrong to the English crown or the English church, a sufficiently easy condition.
The royal courts are no longer to attend the kings persona vexatious practice when sovereigns were always on the move, and litigants and witnesses had to follow them from manor to manorbut are to be fixed at Westminster.
Unsuccessful litigants are to be calculated according to the measure of their offence, and are not to be arbitrary pepalties raised or lowered at the kings good pleasure according to the sum that he imagined that the offender could be induced to pay.
Scottish litigants defeated in, the local courts began to appeal to the courts of We~tminster, just as.
Thus the money deposited by each of two litigants in a sacred precinct or with a priest, was called a sacrament.
On a larger scale speeches written by orators to be delivered by litigants were published and encouraged publication; and, as the Attic orators were his contemporaries, publication had become pretty common in the time of Aristotle, who speaks of many bundles (Skaas) of judicial speeches by Isocrates being hawked about by the booksellers (Fragm.
The two courts would have separate spheres of activity, and litigants would practically have the option of submitting their differences to a judicial court which would regard itself as being bound by the letter of the law and by judicial methods or to a special court created ad hoc with a purely arbitrative character.
In its vicinity the praetor's tribunal, removed from the comitium in the 2nd century B.C., held its sittings, which led to the place becoming the haunt of litigants, money-lenders and business people.