(t873), who wrote chiefly in Arabic, but deserves mention here by his services to Syriac grammar and lexicography, and still more by his translations of Greek philosophical and scientific works into Syriac 1 and from Syriac into Arabic, becoming in a sense the founder of a school of translators; and Jacob bar Shakko, whose work called the Dialogues treats of grammar, rhetoric, poetry, logic, philosophy and science.
- As supplemental to the account of poetry may be mentioned here some of the chief collections of ancient verse, sometimes made for the sake of the poems themselves, sometimes to give a locus classicus for usages of grammar or lexicography, sometimes to illustrate ancient manners and customs. The earliest of these is the Mo'allakat.
Verrius Flaccus in the Augustan age, had busied themselves with lexicography and etymology.
To perform their task adequately required from the critics a wide circle of knowledge; and from this requirement sprang the sciences of grammar, prosody, lexicography, mythology and archaeology.
Lastly, he established a scientific system of lexicography and drew up lists of the " best authors."
In this age, grammatical learning was represented by Choeroboscus, and lexicography by Photius (d.
Ahrens; and lexicography by F.
In his dictionary, again, he recast the lexicological materials independently, and enriched lexicography itself, especially by his numerous etymological explanations.