LEVITICUS, in the Bible, the third book of the Pentateuch.
13, 22; Leviticus iii.
Of this halakhic Midrash we possess that on Exodus, called Mekhilta, that on Leviticus, called Sifra, and that on Numbers and Deuteronomy, called Sifre.
This involves the view that the historical traditions are mainly due to two characteristic though very complicated recensions, one under the influence of the teaching of Deuteronomy (Joshua to Kings, see § 20), the other, of a more priestly character (akin to Leviticus), of somewhat later date (Genesis to Joshua, with traces in Judges to Kings, see § 23).
A not altogether unsuccessful attempt to defend the Jewish orthodox position is made by Hoffmann in his Commentary on Leviticus (Berlin, 1906, ii.
Cedar-wood is earliest noticed in Leviticus xiv.
In his principal work, Die geschichtlichen Bucher des Allen Testaments (1866), he sought to show that the priestly legislation of Exodus, Leviticus and Numbers is of later origin than the book of Deuteronomy.
Every endeavour is made to gloss over, or modify, expressions which seemed derogatory to the ancestors of ' According to Zunz, Gottesdienstliche Vortrdge, 2nd ed., p. 80, its contents bear the following proportions to Genesis, z o o to Exodus, about 1 1 4 to Leviticus, s to Numbers, and 4 to Deuteronomy.
Was induced reluctantly to grant the dispensation necessary on account of the relationship, which, according to the canon law and the current interpretation of Leviticus xviii.
5) and the legislation of Leviticus (xviii.
The Priestly Code (Leviticus and allied passages) seems to confine the efficacy 2 Rutherford, Radioactivity.
" the book ") or Torath Kohanim (" the law of the priests "), a commentary on Leviticus, mainly halakic, the text being a source for various maxims. (On Lev.
562 (c.) Wayyigra (" and he called ") R., on Leviticus, perhaps 7th century, based upon sources in 2 and 5a above.
Trans., p. 155 seq.), who argue that the passage in Leviticus is a later addition.
The first instalment of his commentary on the Pentateuch was Exodus (1855); this was followed by Genesis (1858) and Leviticus in two parts (1867-1872).
No one complains of the civil laws in Exodus or the sacrificial ritual in Leviticus, because they want the fire of Isaiah or the tenderness of Deuteronomy.
22-27), and on the Day of Atonement the High Priest pronounced it (Leviticus xvi.
Thus in Leviticus xi.
IJiyya was redactor of the Siphra on Leviticus (Midrash, § 5, 2); to him and to R.
Among his numerous works are commentaries on Joel and Amos (1897); Deuteronomy (1902); Daniel (1901);(1901); Genesis (1909); the Minor Prophets, Nahum to Malachi (1905); Job (1905); Jeremiah (1906); Leviticus (1894 Hebrew text, 1898 trans.
The historical narrative with which P connects his account of the sacred institutions of Israel is reduced in Leviticus to a minimum, and presents no special features.
II onwards employs the technical term Y 4, detestable thing, and it is at least equally possible to treat the longer version of Leviticus as an expansion of Deut.
- Commentaries: Dillmann-Ryssel, Die Bucher Exodus and Leviticus (1897); Driver and White, SBOT.
Leviticus (English, 1898); B.
(HK, 1900); Bertholet, Leviticus (KHC, 1901).
17-19," Hebraica (1894); " The Original Form of Leviticus," JBL (1897, 1898); " The Holiness Code and Ezekiel," Pres.
Articles on Leviticus by G.
'PENTATEUCH, the name found as early as in Tertullian and Origen corresponding to the Jewish :turn 'Tin y; nvnn (the five-fifths of the Torah, or Law), and applied to the first five books of the Old Testament (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy).
The several books were named by the Jews from their initial words, though at least Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy had also titles resembling those we use, viz. ?'Ins trim, a'-npBn won (Aµ,uEO"cpEKWbety, Origen, in Eus., E.
While the English version follows the Septuagint directly in speaking of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus and Deuteronomy, it follows the Vulgate in speaking of Numbers.
Hence Leviticus, so far from belonging to an earlier stratum of the Pentateuch than Deuteronomy, as de Wette thought, must belong to a much later stratum, and be at least exilic, if not post-exilic.
Xxx., so that the date of this chapter must be later than Leviticus or at any rate than the laws codified in the Law of Holiness (Lev.
On Leviticus) and Kurtz agree with Hitzig's premises but differ from his identification of the Sabbath.
These books are the result of an intricate literary process, on which see Bible (Old Testament: Canon), and the articles On the separate books (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy and Joshua).
The name is derived from that of the Septuagint version (TO) AE1).[E]6TGKOv (sc. 3Xiov), though the English form is due to the Latin rendering, Leviticus (sc. liber).
As a descriptive title Leviticus, " the Levitical book," is not inappropriate to the contents of the book, which exhibits an elaborate system of sacrificial worship. In this connexion, however, the term " Levitical " is used in a perfectly general sense, since there is no reference in the book itself to the Levites themselves.
The book of Leviticus presents a marked contrast to the two preceding books of the Hexateuch in that it is derived from one document only, viz.
But though the book as a whole is assigned to a single document, its contents are by no means homogeneous: in fact the critical problem presented by the legislative portions of Leviticus, though more limited in scope, is very similar to that of the other books of the Hexateuch.