Leasehold exists in the province of Grosseto alone.
In Latium leasehold and farming by landlords prevail, but cases of, nezzadria and of improvement farms exist.
Wherever corn is cultivated, leasehold predominates.
In the Abruzzi and in Apulia leasehold is predominant.
In the provinces of Foggia and Lecce long leases (up to twenty-nine years) are granted, but in them it is explicitly declared that they do not imply enfiteusi (perpetual leasehold), nor any other form of contract equivalent to co-proprietorship. Mezzadria is rarely resorted to.
Leasehold, varying from four to six years for arable land and from six to eighteen years for forest-land, prevails also in Campania, Basilicata and Calabria.
In Sicily leasehold prevails under special conditions.
In pure leasehold the landlord demands at least six months rent as guarantee, and the forfeiture of any fortuitous advantages.
In Sardinia landlord-farming and leasehold prevail.
The greater part of the land in this section was comprised in vast estates such as Rensselaerwyck, Livingston, Scarsdale, Phillipse, Pelham and Van Cortlandt manors, and on these the leasehold system with perpetual leases, leases for 99 years or leases for one to three lives had become general.
The legislature passed several measures for the destruction of the leasehold system, and under the pressure of public opinion the great landlords rapidly sold their farms.'
In 1894 was passed the Advances to Settlers Act, under which state money-lending to farmers on mortgage of freehold or leasehold land was at once begun.