The Bernam runs through flat swampy country for the greater part of its course, and steam-launches can penetrate to a distance of over 100 m.
The harbour of Port Blair is well supplied with buoys and harbour lights, and is crossed by ferries at fixed intervals, while there are several launches for hauling local traffic. On Ross Island there is a lighthouse visible for 19 m.
Holland is a grain and fruit shipping centre, and among its manufactures are furniture, leather, grist mill products, iron, beer, pickles, shoes, beet sugar, gelatine, biscuit (Holland rusk), electric and steam launches, and pianos.
Dagupan has a small shipyard in which sailing vessels and steam launches are constructed.
Steam launches did not exist on the river before 1866 or 1867, and houseboats only in the form of college barges at Oxford.
But by 1900 there were 541 launches, 162 house-boats, and 11,284 rowing-boats.
Steamers ply regularly from Saigon through Mytho to Pnompenh, and launches proceed from this place, the capital of Cambodia, to the Preapatano rapids, and beyond this a considerable portion of the distance to Luang Prabang, the journey being finished in native boats.
And more, and beyond that point large river-boats and deep-draught launches can navigate for many miles.
The city has an important trade in fruit, and has various manufactures, including paper, fruit packages, baskets, motor boats, gasolene launches, automobile supplies, hosiery and knit goods, air guns and sashes and blinds.
Above its mouth, but launches may ascend it, in the wet season, about 500 m., to the junction of the Negro with the Humadea.
With them were 33 motor launches under Capt.
Eighteen British motor launches under Comm.
The destroyers had been lying off the harbour, and the "Warwick" now picked up four motor launches, including ML282 overloaded and full of wounded with 'or men of the "Iphigenia" and "Intrepid."
The motor launches under Comm.
On the rivers which run into the Cameroon estuary small steam launches ply.
Besides having a considerable share in the commerce of the port of New York, Bayonne is an important manufacturing centre; among its manufactures are refined petroleum, refined copper and nickel (not from the ore), refined borax, foundry and machine-shop products, tubular boilers, electric launches and electric motors, chemicals (including ammonia and sulphuric and nitric acids), iron and brass products, wire cables and silk goods.
Commerce.-Ecuador has no merchant marine beyond a few small vessels engaged in the coastwise traffic, some eighteen or twenty river steamers on the Guayas and its tributaries, and a number of steam launches, towboats and various descriptions of barges engaged in the transportation of produce and goods on the rivers.
Among steel ships, the type known as the "whaleback" originated here; and iron and wooden ships, launches and small pleasure craft are also made.
In this vicinity, too, are several yards for building yachts, launches and other boats.
The Padas is navigable for light-draught steam-launches and native boats for a distance of nearly 50 m.
A large local traffic is carried on by steam launches on the lakes during the season of open navigation; and vessels have even been introduced on some of the lakes and rivers of the far north, principally in connexion with the timber trade.
Five launches built in the Royal Indian Marine Docks, Bombay, in 1905, at a cost of 6o,ooo rupees each, of about 8o tons.
Launches ply regularly from Moulmein to the mouth of the Yonzalin, in Lower Burma.
It is quite certain that steam launches could ply over very long sections of the river above that, perhaps as far as the Kaw ferry, or even the Kunlong ferry.
The navy in 1906 consisted of only three small cruisers on the Caribbean coast, and two cruisers, two gunboats, one troopship and two steam launches on the Pacific. There was also one small gunboat on the Magdalena.
The Chapare, Secure and Chimore, tributaries of the Mamore, are navigable for launches up to the base of the mountains, to within 130 m.
To the port of Reyes for launches in the dry season and larger craft in the wet one.