By Ferguson; Edinburgh, 1897); Rankine, Law of Landownership (3rd ed., 1891).
2) it is contrasted with bookland in a way which shows that these two kinds of tenure formed the two main subdivisions of landownership: no one is to deny right to another in respect of folkland or bookland.
It considers folkland as landownership by folkright - at common law, as might be said in modern legal speech.
In opposition to it bookland appears as landownership derived from royal privilege.
Even when in the course of time landownership was appropriated by the crown, the ecclesiastical corporations and the nobles, the tillers of the land retained their personal freedom and were considered to be farmers holding their plots under contracts.