Genera: Testudo, Draco, Lacerta, Rana.
Lacerta l), a name originally referred only to the small European species of four-legged reptiles, but now applied to a whole order (Lacertilia), which is represented by numerous species in all temperate and tropical regions.
The common lizard (Lacerta vivipara) frequents heaths and banks in England and Scotland, and is locally met with also in.
A, Lacerta vivipara; b, L.
Much scarcer is the second species, the sand-lizard (Lacerta agilis), which is confined to some localities in the south of England, the New Forest and its vicinity; it does not appear to attain on English soil the same size as on the continent of Europe where it abounds, growing sometimes to a length of 9 in.
The third British species, the green lizard (Lacerta viridis), does not occur in England proper; it has, found a congenial home in the island of Guernsey, but is there much less developed as regards size and beauty than on the continent.
In Germany and France one other species only (Lacerta muralis) appears; but in the south of Europe the species of Lacerta are much more numerous, the largest and finest, being L.
The same root kar leads through something like kar-kar-ta, glakarta (glazard in Breton), to lacerta and to "lizard."
Lacerta in turn has become, in Spanish, lagarto, which, with the article, el lagarto, is the origin of the term "alligator."
Tschudi in 1838 for various salamanders from North America, which had previously been described as Lacerta or Salamandra, and which, so far as general appearance is concerned, differ little from the European salamanders.