## Sentence Examples

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**A****more****recent****calculation****by****Kriimmel****gives****the****total****area****as**2,967,570**sq**. **The****later****expedition****of****the**"**Pola**"**discovered****the**"**Rhodes****Deep**" (36° 5'**N**., 28° 36'**E**.),**with****a****maximum****depth****of**2110**fathoms**:**this****deep****is****closed****to****the****south-east****by****a****ridge****running****south-east**,**over****which****the****depth****is**1050**fathoms**.**Off****the****coast****of****Syria****the**"**Pola**"**obtained****four****soundings****of****more****than**1100**fathoms**,**and****between****Cyprus****and****the****coast****of****Asia****Minor****only****two****over**550**fathoms**.**Murray****gives****the****following****figures****for****the****areas****and****volumes****of****the****Mediterranean****at****different****depths**:**which****gives****a****mean****depth****over****all****of**768**fathoms**.**The****following****table****is****due****to****Karstens**:**Kriimmel****gives****the****total****volume****of****the****basin****as**4,249,020**cubic****kilometres****or**1,019,400**cubic****statute****miles**,**and****the****mean****depth****as**782**fathoms**. (**See****Ocean**.)**Meteorology**.**Kriimmel****has****calculated****the****mean****depth****to****be**2010**fathoms**(12,060**ft**.),**while****the****mean****elevation****of****the****surface****of****the****continents****above****sea-level****is****only**2300**ft**.**Calculating****from****sheet****A****I****of****the****Prince****of****Monaco'****s****Atlas****of****Ocean****Depths**,'**Kriimmel****obtained****a****mean****angle****of****slope****of**0° 2 7 ' 44"**or****an****average****fall****of****i****in**124**for****the****North****Atlantic****between****o**°**and**47°**N**.,**the****enclosed****seas****being****left****out****of****account**.**Littoral****Deposits**(**between****high****andSands**,**gravels**,**muds**, &**c**.**low-water****marks**)**Kriimmel****prefers****to****simplify****this****by****grouping****the****deposits****in****a****single****category****arranged****according****to****their****position****into**: (**a**)**Littoral**(**including****Murray****and****Renard'****s****littoral****and****shallow****water****deposits**[**II**.**The****eupelagic****deposits****are****subdivided****by****Kriimmel****into****two****main****groups**; (**a**)**epilophic**,'**including****the****pteropod**,**globigerina****and****diatom****oozes****occurring****on****the****rises****and****ridges****and****in****the****less****deep****troughs**.**The****total****areas****occupied****by****the****various****deposits****according****to****the****latest****measurements****of****Kriimmel****are****as****follows**: -**Area****of****Submarine****Deposits**.**Sarasin****and****longer****series****of****experiments****by****Tornde****and****Kriimmel****this****relation****is****shown****to****be****so****close****that****the****salinity****of****a****sample****can****be****ascertained****by****determining****the****index****of****refraction**.**Luksch****found****the****disk****visible****as****a****rule****to****from**22**to**27**fathoms**,**and****off****the****Syrian****coast****even****to**33**fathoms**.**In****the****open****Atlantic****there****are**`**great****differences****in****transparency**;**Kriimmel****observed****a**6**ft**.**The****surface****tension**,**on****the****other****hand**,**is****greater****than****that****of****pure****water****and****increases****with****the****salinity**,**according****to****Kriimmel**,**in****the****manner****shown****by****the****equation****a**=77.09+**o**0221**S****at****o**°**C**.,**where****a****is****the****coefficient****of****surface****tension****and****S****the****salinity****in****parts****per****thousand**.**Kriimmel****calculates****that****the****mean****temperature****of****the****whole****ocean****surface****is**63.3°**F**.,**while****the****mean****sea-level****temperature****of****the****whole****layer****of****air****at****the****surface****of****the****earth****is****given****by****Hann****as**57.8 °**F**.**Sir****John****Murray****calculates****that****at****least**80%**of****the****water****in****the****ocean****has****a****temperature****always****less****than**40**F**.,**and****a****recent****calculation****by****Kriimmel****gave****in****fact****a****mean****temperature****of**39°**F**.