Kruger endeavoured to acquire Kosi Bay, to the north of Zululand and only 50 m.
Kruger would have none of it, although by so doing he could have obtained permission for a settlement at and railway to Kosi Bay.
In May 1895, on the urgent representations of Sir Henry Loch, the British government annexed Tongaland, including Kosi Bay, thus making the British and Portuguese boundaries conterminous on the coast of south-east Africa.
The Boers, who had failed to fulfil the conditions under which they might have secured Kosi Bay, nevertheless resented this action, which took away from them all chance of obtaining a seaport.
Of these St Lucia Lake and Kosi Lake are of considerable size and communicate with the sea by estuaries.
Kosi Lake lies further north, in Tongaland.
Between Kosi and St Lucia lakes lies Lake Sibayi, close to the coast but not communicating with the sea.
At that time the Transvaal government - which had been the first to reap the benefit of Great Britain's defeat of the Zulu by acquiring the " New Republic " - was endeavouring to obtain the territories of Zambaan and Umtegiza, hoping also to secure a route through Tongaland to Kosi Bay.
He was even willing to see the Transvaal obtain a seaport (at Kosi Bay, in Amatongaland) if in return it would join the customs union.
Other rivers besides the Indus and the Brahmaputra begin by draining a considerable area north of the snowy range - the Sutlej, the Kosi, the Gandak and the Subansiri, for example.