Of the mosque is Kom edDik, garrisoned by British troops, one of several forts built for the protection of the city.
Except Kom ed-Dik the forts have not been repaired since the bombardment of 1882.
Other catacombs and tombs have been opened in Kom es-Shugafa Hadra (Roman) and Ras et-Tin (painted).
Mr Hogarth explored part of an immense brick structure under the mound of Kom ed-Dik, which may have been part of the Paneum, the Mausolea or a Roman fortress.
Thus the hereditary priests of IKozah (KoM were the chief dignitaries in Idumaea at the time of the Jewish conquest of the country (Jos.
Shibin el-Kom (21,576), 16 m.