Twenty years later they entered Asia Minor, whence in a later period they came into Europe, under the name of Athinganoi (Ziganes) and Egyptians (gipsies).2 A far more difficult task lay before Motasim, the subjection of Babak al-Khorrami in Azerbaijan.
Though the name Khorrami is often employed by the Moslem writers to designate such 2 See M.
Extravagant Moslem sectaries as the Hashimiya,the real Khorrami were not Moslems, but Persian Mazdaqites, or communists.
The name Khorrami, or Khorramdini, "adherent of the pleasant religion," seems to be a nickname.
In the reign of the caliph Motasim a serious revolt of Persian Mazdakite sectaries (the Khorrami) in alliance with Byzantium was with difficulty suppressed, as also a rising of Tabaristan under an hereditary chief Maziyar who was secretly supported by the Turkish mercenaries (e.g., Af shin) whom the caliph had invited to his court.