12, then consists of kernels of pearlite surrounded by envelopes of ferrite.
Of free iron of the /3 allotropic modification, which surrounds the kernels or grains of the residual still undecomposed part of the austenite.
The leading industries are the crushing of palm-kernels and linseed and the manufacture of india-rubber, phosphates, starch, nitrate and jute.
We've been as close together as kernels on a cob for months.
The shells and kernels are then separated in a winnowing machine.
When the fruit has stoned - that is, as soon as the kernels have been formed - the temperature should be raised to about 65° as a minimum, and to 70°, with 75° by sun heat, as a maximum.
Steps have been taken to stimulate the native industry, and it is hoped that cotton may take the place in Northern Nigeria which palm oil and kernels occupy in the coast zone.
These seeds have been examined at the Imperial Institute, and the kernels have been found to contain nearly half their weight (48%) of an oil resembling linseed oil and applicable for the same purposes.
The palm-oil and palm kernels are sent almost entirely to France.
The trade is very largely centred in the export of palm oil and palm kernels and the import of cotton goods and spirits, mostly gin.
Ground-nuts (Arachis hypogaea), rubber, beeswax, palm kernels, rice, cotton, and millet are the chief productions.
In a somewhat improved form this process of rendering is practised in the preparation of palm oil, and the rendering the best (Cochin) coco-nut oil by boiling the fresh kernels with water.
The chief trade is in, and the principal exports are, palm oil and kernels, rubber, cotton, maize, groundnuts (Arachis), shea-butter from the Bassia parkii (Sapotaceae), fibres of the Raphia vinifera, and the Sansevieria guineensis, indigo, and kola nuts, ebony and other valuable wood.
The colour of the fruit varies from green to deep purple, the size from that of a small cherry to that of a hen's egg; the form is oblong acute or obtuse at both ends, or globular; the stones or kernels vary in like manner; and the flavour, season of ripening and duration are all subject to variation.
Some come to maturity in two months, others require seven months; some are as many feet high as others are inches; some have kernels eleven times larger than others.
Rubber, coffee, wax, sugar and palm-kernels, dried fish and whale oil are the chief exports.
After the seed of Upland cotton has been passed through a fine gin, which takes off the short lint or linters left upon it by the farmer, it is passed through what is called a sheller, consisting of a revolving cylinder, armed with numerous knives, which cut the seed in two and force the kernels or meats from the shells.
13, the slowly cooled steel now consists of kernels of pearlite surrounded by envelopes of the cementite which was born of the austenite in cooling from T to U.
Palm-oil, palm kernels, cocoa, copal, copra, Calabar beans, kola-nuts and ivory are the principal exports.
The chief products are rubber, brought from the interior, and palm oil and palm kernels, obtained in the coast regions.
The distinguishing characters of which are based on the grains or kernels; there are, in addition, forms of horticultural interest grown for ornament.
The chief exports are coffee, rubber, wax, palm kernels and palm-oil, cattle and hides and dried or salt fish.
After the British occupation, an extensive trade developed in oil, kernels, timber, ivory, rubber, &c. In the rubber and timber industries great strides have been made.
From 1914 onward copper and palm kernels and oil were the chief exports.
The chief export is palm kernels, the amount of palm oil exported being comparatively slight.
In Italy the kernels are ground into meal, and used for thickening soups, and even for bread-making.
The seeds and nuts are then decorticated (where required), the shells removed, and the kernels ("meats") converted into a pulpy mass or meal (in older establishments by crushing and grinding between stones in edge-runners) on passing through a hopper over rollers consisting of five chilled iron or steel cylinders mounted vertically like the bowls of a calendar.
In 1910 the export of palm kernels was 6,141 tons, of palm oil 2,160 tons; in 1916 the figures were 22,391 tons and 3,852 tons respectively.
In the case of those seeds amongst which are found pieces of iron (hammer heads amongst palm kernels, &c.), the seeds are passed over magnetic separators, which retain the pieces of iron.
The importation of copra and palm kernels for the production of coco-nut oil and palmnut oil is also considerable, but in these two cases Great Britain does not take the first place.
Of palm kernels 1 See Colonial Office Reports, Northern Nigeria Mineral Survey 1906-1907; Southern Nigeria Mineral Survey 1905-1907 (Miscellaneous, Nos.