Religion, 4th ed., p. 24, Kautzsch in his Religion of Israel already cited, p. 613, and recently Addis in his Hebrew Religion, p. 33 foll., have abandoned the theory as applied to Israel. ?
On the other hand, the evidence for the existence of ancestor-worship in primitive Israel cannot be so easily disposed of as Kautzsch (ibid.
5 See Kautzsch, " Religion of Israel," in Hastings's Dict.
15 (E) representing a tradition which may have prevailed in the 8th century B.C. Kautzsch, however, supports it (Hastings's D.B., extra vol.
So also Kautzsch, ibid.
(See Kautzsch in Hastings's D.B., extra vol., p. 645 foil.) Such was the path of syncretism, and it was fraught with peril to the older and purer faith.
In other words the function of the priest was not merely sacrificial (a duty which Kautzsch unnecessarily detaches from the services which he originally rendered), nor did he merely bear the ark of the covenant and take charge of God's house; but he was also and mainly (as the Arabic name kahin shows) the soothsayer who consulted the ephod and gave the answers required on the field of battle (see 1 Sam.
6 Though this be an interpolated gloss (Thenius, Budde), it states a significant truth as Kautzsch clearly shows, op. cit.
He argued from past history that 2 Kautzsch, in his profoundly learned article on the " Religion of Israel," to which frequent reference has been made, exhibits (pp. 669-671) an excess of scepticism, in our opinion, towards the views propounded by Gunkel in 1895 (Schopfung and Chaos) respecting the intimate connexion between the early Hebrew cosmogonic ideas and those of Babylonia.
Trans., 1891); C. Siegfried in Kautzsch, Apocr.
P. 9; Revue biblique (1903), pp. 2 49 sqq.; and on the ark, generally, in addition to the literature already cited, Kautzsch, Hastings' Diet.
Kautzsch; English translation from 25th and 26th German editions by G.
This theory, which we have already dealt with in other connexions, is undoubtedly helpful, but here we require something more, and Gunkel has in consequence of Weinel's work (Wirkungen des Geistes and der Geister, 1899) subsequently acknowledged that actual spiritual experiences lie behind some of the visions in apocalyptic (Kautzsch, Pseud.
Kautzsch (l.c. n.
9 The dates of the kings are, in most cases, those given by Kautzsch in the table in his Outline of the Hist.
Accordingly this derivation is preferable to that suggested by earlier Semitists from Gesenius to (in recent times) Kautzsch ("Religion of Israel," Hastings's Dict.
Kautzsch, "Religion of Israel," in Hastings's Did.
2 See Gesenius-Kautzsch, Hebr.
Kautzsch have revised and enlarged it.
Kautzsch (28th ed., Leipzig, 1909; Eng.
Morgenlandes (1891); Chajes, Proverb .- Studien (1889); Muller and Kautzsch, in Haupt's Sacred Books of the Old Test.
(1898); Kautzsch, Die heil.
Baethgen ap. Kautzsch, Die Heilige Schrift d.