Von Barenbach) espouses Neo-Kantism (Tdrsadalmi elmeletek es eszmenyek, 1887, " Social Theories and Ideals ").
Kantism consists of four main positions, which it will be well to lay out, as follows: a.
In reducing the thing in itself to a thought he projected the neo-Kantism of Lange and Cohen.
Hence the doctrine of Kant, that Nature as known to science is phenomena, means one thing in Kantism and another thing in science.
It is most important also to notice that Kantism denies, but science asserts, the logical power of reason to infer actual things beyond experience.
To Kantism itself a consistency, which, however, has only succeeded in producing a new.
Philosophy of Neo-Kantism, differing from Kantism in modifying the a priori and rejecting the thing in itself.
Having, however, made a deduction, which is at all events consistent, that on Kantian assumptions all we know is mental phenomena, Lange proceeded to reduce the rest of Kantism to consistency.
Lange thus transmuted inconsistent Kantism into a consistent Neo-Kantism, consisting of these reformed positions: (1) we start with sensations in a priori forms; (2) all things known from these data are mental phenomena of experience; (3) everything beyond is idea, without any corresponding reality being knowable.
Reason, according to Wundt, is like pure reason according to Kant; except that Wundt, receiving Kantism through NeoKantism, thinks that reason arrives at " ideals " not a priori, but by the logical process of ground and consequent, and, having abolished the thing in itself, will not follow Kant in his inconsequent passage from pure to practical reason in order to postulate a reality corresponding to " ideals " beyond experience.
Nevertheless, in spite of all this Kantism, he adhered to his natural realism.
Here you would expect him to stop, as the German Neo-Kantism of Lange stops, with the consistent conclusion that all we know of Nature from such data is these complexes of sensation-elements, or phenomena in the Kantian meaning.
The English moralist with whom Kant has most affinity is Price; in fact, Kantism, in the ethical thought of modern Europe, holds a place somewhat analogous to that Kant.
He holds, 2 In Kantism, as we have partly seen, the most important ontological beliefs - in God, freedom and immortality of the soul - are based on necessities of ethical thought.