See the commentaries on Exodus and Leviticus; that of Kalisch on the latter book (vol.
CASIMIR III., called "THE Great," king of Poland (1310-1370), the son of Wladislaus Lokietek, king of Poland, and Jadwiga, princess of Kalisch, was born at Kowal in Kujavia in 1 3 10.
ISIDOR KALISCH (1816-1886), Jewish divine, was born at Krotoschin in Prussia on the 15th of November 1816, and was educated at Berlin, Breslau and Prague.
The friends met again at Kalisch shortly before the signature of the Russo-Prussian alliance of the 10th of February 1813, and Czartoryski was in the emperor's suite at Paris in 1814, and rendered his sovereign material services at the congress of Vienna.
On the 23rd of August he joined Girolano Ramorino's army-corps as a volunteer, and subsequently formed a confederation of the three southern provinces of Kalisch, Sandomir and Cracow.
MARCUS KALISCH (or MAURICE) (1828-1885), Jewish scholar, was born in Pomerania in 1828, and died in England 1885.
Kalisch wrote before the publication of Wellhausen's works, and anticipated him in some important points.
Besides these works, Kalisch published in1877-1878two volumes of Bible studies (on Balaam and Jonah).
The Russian expedition actually cost France less than fifty thousand men; the Russian army in its retreat from Vilna to Moscow lost in the various battles four times more men than the French army; the burning of Moscow cost the lives of a hundred thousand Russians who died of cold and want in the woods; finally, in its march from Moscow to the Oder the Russian army also suffered from the severity of the season; so that by the time it reached Vilna it numbered only fifty thousand, and at Kalisch less than eighteen thousand.