Kaerst and Beloch continue to give the ordinary chronology untroubled.
Of those, again, who maintain the traditional view, some, like Niebuhr and Grote, regard it as convicting Alexander of mad ambition and vainglory, whilst to Kaerst Alexander only incorporates ideas which were the timely fruit of a long historical development.
To Droysen and Kaerst it accords with the historical conditions; to Grote and to Beloch it is a betrayal of the prerogative of Hellenism.
Maas, Kleitarch and Diodor (Petersburg, 1894); Kaerst, Forschungen zur Gesch.
I.); Kaerst, Gesch.
The Greek cities of Asia Minor stood to him in a similar relation, though not included in the Corinthian alliance, but in federations of their own (Kaerst, Gesch.
For Alexander's army and tactics, beside the regular histories (Droysen, Niese, Beloch, Kaerst), see D.
Niese, Geschichte der griechischen and makedonischen Staaten (1893-1903);Kaerst, Gesch.
(i.), 260-556; see also Kaerst, Studien zur Entwickelung d.
1 See, among recent writers, on one side Kaerst, Gesch.
P. Mahaffy's Greek Life and Thought (1887), The Greek World under Roman Sway (1890), The Silver Age of the Greek World (1906); Julius Kaerst, Gesch.