From the Lahadu Wells, near Jibuti, in the west, to Bandar Ziyada in 49° E., 180 m.
(The proposal to build a railway from Zaila or Berbera to Harrar, which would have competed with the French line from Jibuti for the trade of southern Abyssinia, had been vetoed on grounds of general policy.) Before the withdrawal arrangements - more or less ineffective - were made for arming and organizing the tribes in the protectorate in their own defence.
The chief town and seat of administration is Jibuti (q.v.), pop. about 15,000, which has taken the place of Obok, on the opposite (northern) side of the Gulf of Tajura.
In 1897 the building of a railway from Jibuti towards Harrar was begun.
Short of Harrar, and 188 by rail from Jibuti, of which but 64 m.
The transference of the seat of government to Jibuti in May 1896 and the building of the railway to Harrar gave the protectorate a stability which it had previously lacked.
Of the ports of Zaila (British) and Jibuti (French) on the Gulf of Aden.
With Jibuti it is connected by a railway (188 m.
Of Jibuti on the Gulf of Aden.
JIBUTI (DJIBOUTI), the chief port and capital of French Somaliland, in 11° 35' N., 43° 10' E.
Jibuti is situated at the entrance to and on the southern shore of the Gulf of Tajura about 150 m.
Jibuti was founded by the French in 1888 in consequence of its superiority to Obok both in respect to harbour accommodation and in nearness to Harrar.
Long) to Jibuti on the Gulf of Aden.
The Jibuti-Dire Dawa railway has been mentioned above.
- Abyssinia being without seaports, the external trade is through Massawa (Italian) in the north, Jibuti (French), Zaila and Berbera (British) in the south, and for all these ports Aden is a distributing centre.
Regarding the question of railways, the first concession for a railway from the coast at Jibuti (French Somaliland) to the interior was granted by Menelek to a French company in 1894.
Absolute equality of treatment on the railway and at Jibuti was guaranteed to the commerce of all the Powers.