After Luther's death the more rigid Lutherans declared it to be their duty to preserve the status religionis in Germania per Lutherum instauratus, and to watch over the depositum Jesu Christi which he had committed to their charge.
Heitmuller, Im Namen Jesu (1903).
- The most comprehensive of modern booksdealing with the period is Emil Scharer, Geschichte des Judischen Volkes im Zeitalter Jesu Christi (3 vols., Leipzig, 1901 foil.).
Strauss, the author of the Leben Jesu, and Bruno Bauer, who like Feuerbach himself had passed over from Hegelianism to a form of naturalism.
2 The existence of the Mandaeans has been known since the middle 'of the 17th century, when the first Christian missionaries, Ignatius a Jesu and Angelus a Sancto, began to labour among them at Basra; further information was gathered at a somewhat later date by Pietro della Valle' and Jean de Thevenot 5 (1633-1667), and in the following century by Engelbrecht Kaempfer (1651-1716), Jean Chardin (1643-1713) and Carsten Niebuhr.
His first tract, De Societatis Jesu Origine, led to his being erroneously presumed a Jesuit (P. Alegambe, Biblioth.
Besides this great work he published in 1832 his Geschichte der Pflanzung and Leitung der christlichen Kirche, and in 1837 his Das Leben Jesu Christi, in seinem geschichtlichen Zusammenhang and seiner geschichtlichen Entwickelung, called forth by the famous Life of David Strauss.
Ignatio (Rome, 1650, 1659) Genelli wrote Das Leben des heiligen Ignatius von Loyola (Innsbruck, 1848); Nicolas Orlandinus gives a life in the first volume of the Historiae Societatis Jesu (Rome, 1615).
His other works include Das Leben Jesu (3 vols., 1844-1847), Das apostolische Zeitalter (2 vols., 1853-1854), Grundriss der theologischen Enzyklopadie (1877), Grundriss der christlichen Ethik (1878), and Grundriss der Bibelkunde (1881).
Besides the works already noticed, he wrote De arte critica (1597); De Antichristo (1605); Pro auctoritate ecclesiae in decidendis fidei controversiis libellus; Scaliger hypololymaeus (1607), a virulent attack on Scaliger; and latterly the anti-jesuitical works, Flagellum Jesuiticum (1632); Mysteria patrum jesuitorum (1633); and Arcana societatis Jesu (1635).
Emerson's transcendentalism greatly influenced him, and Strauss's Leben Jesu left its mark upon his thought.
Meyer, entitled Jesus, Jesu Jiinger and das Evangelium im Talmud and verwandten jiidischen Schriften, to which also a good bibliography of the subject is prefixed.
Trans., 1883), Das Leben Jesu (1882, 4th ed., 1902; Eng.
In 608 Magian influence was so strong in Persia that the Christians were persecuted and the office of catholicus was vacant for 20 years, being filled again by Jesu-Jabus, during whose patriarchate the Mahommedan invasion overran Persia.
Kirche (1827; 12th ed., 1883), in which h sought to present the teaching of the Protestant church in such way as Hutter would have reconstructed it, had he still been alive Leben Jesu (1829; 5th ed., 1865; Eng.
Trans., 1860); in an enlarge form, Geschichte Jesu (2nd ed., 1891); and Handbuch der Prot Polemik gegen die rom.-kath.
Current special periodicals are: Euskal-erria, revista bascongada (1880, San Sebastian); Monumenta historica societatis Jesu (1894); El Progreso matematico, afterwards Revista de matematicas Auras y aplicadas (1891); Revista de bibliografia Catalano (Catalunya, Baleares, Rosselo, Valencia, 1901); La Naturaleza, fortnightly; La Energia electrica, fortnightly; Revista minera, weekly; Revista de medicina, weekly; Bibliografia espanola, fortnightly; La Lectura; Espana y America, monthly.
During his confinement there was found among his papers a criticism upon the Jesuits, which was printed after his death as Discursus de erroribus qui in forma gubernationis societatis Jesu occurrunt (Bordeaux, 1625), and was reprinted by order of Charles III.
Dalman, Die Worte Jesu, p. 2 f.; Grammatik des jud.- palcist.
Another well-known work is Die Siindlosigkeit Jesu (1854; Eng.
Ebed Jesu in the 14th century mentions it together with Letters and Homilies, as well as the Tragedy, or a Letters to Cosmas, the Theopaschites (of which some fragments are still extant) and the Liturgy, which is still used by the Nestorian Church.
Strauss: in his Leben Jesu (1833) he abandons the shifts and expedients by which the rationalists eliminated the miraculous from the Gospel stories, but he abandons also their historical character.
Trans., The Words of Jesus, 1905); Prof. Johannes Weiss, Die Predigt Jesu vom Reiche Gottes (1st ed.
Bewegungen innerhalb des Judentums im Zeitalter Jesu (Berlin, 1905); W.
They are as follows: Institutum Societatis Jesu (7 vols., Avignon, 1830-1838); Orlandini, Historia Societatis Jesu (Antwerp, 1620); Imago primi saeculi Societatis Jesu (Antwerp, 1640); Nieremberg, Vida de San Ignacio de Loyola (9 vols., fol., Madrid, 1645-1736); Genelli, Life of St Ignatius of Loyola (London, 1872); Backer, Bibliotheque des ecrivains de la Compagnie de Jesus (7 vols., Paris, 1853-1861); Cretineau Joly, Histoire de la Compagnie de Jesus (6 vols., Paris, 1844); Guettee, Histoire des Jesuites (3 vols., Paris, 1858-1859); Wolff, Allgemeine Geschichte der Jesuiten (4 vols., Zurich, 1789-1792); Gioberti, Il Gesuita moderno (Lausanne, 1846); F.
Gore, Dissertations (1895); Hoffmann, Die Abendmahlsgedanken Jesu Christi (Konigsberg, 1896); Sanday, art.
Worthy of mention also are the parish church, a Late Gothic building, finished in 1520, and restored in 1875, which possesses an altar piece by Tintoretto; the Augustinian church, appropriated to the service of the university since 1827; the small Leech Kirche, an interesting building in Early Gothic style, dating from the 13th century, and the Herz Jesu-Kirche, a building in Early Gothic style, finished in 1891, with a tower 360 ft.
Theologie (1897), pp. 81-85, 234-304; Baldensperger, Das Selbstbewusstsein Jesu; Wellhausen, Israel.
Wendt, Die Lehre Jesu (1886); A.
Harnack, Spriiche and Reden Jesu, die zweite Quelle des Matthdus and Lukas (1907).
His Charakterbild Jesu (1864, 4th ed.
1904); Die wichtigsten Fragen Leben Jesu (1904); Urchristliche Literaturgesch.
Schiirer's Geschichte des Jiidischen Volkes im Zeitalter Jesu Christi (3rd ed., 1898-1901; Eng.
He also wrote or edited various Chinese works on geography, the celestial and terrestrial spheres, geometry and arithmetic. And the detailed history of the mission was drawn out by him, which after his death was brought home by P. Nicolas Trigault, and published at Augsburg, and later in a complete form at Lyons under the name De Expeditione Christiana apud Sinas Suscepta, ab Soc. Jesu, Ex P. Mat.
Cordis Jesu, &c. (3rd ed., Innsbruck, 1873); E.
His work on the teaching of Jesus (Die Lehre Jesu, 1886-1890; Eng.
In 1535 Laelius Capitulus produced from Virgil an attack upon the dissolute lives of the monks; in 1536 there appeared at Venice a Petrarca Spirituale; and in 1634 Alexander Ross (a Scotsman, and one of the chaplains of Charles I.) published a Virgilius Evangelizans, seu Historia Domini nostri Jesu Christi Virgilianis verbis et versibus descripta.
It is closely allied to the kind of poem known as a debat, and the opening words - "Alle herkneth to me nou A strif wille I tellen ou Of Jesu and of Satan" - seem to indicate that the piece was delivered by a single performer.
Rahmani, Testamentum Domini nostri Jesu Christi (Moguntiae, 1899); E.
In 1838 he published a vigorous reply to Strauss's Leben Jesu, and in that year he received the Legion of Honour.
His elaborate work on the history of the Jews in the time of Christ (Geschichte des jitdischen Volks im Zeitalter Jesu Christi, 2 vols., 1886-1890; new ed.
(1872), and Father Greenway's Narrative in Troubles of our Catholic Forefathers, 1st series (1872), interesting as contemporary accounts, but not to be taken as complete or infallible authorities, of the same nature being Historia Provinciae Anglicanae Societatis Jesu, by Henry More, S.J.