CHICHEN-ITZA, or CHICHEN, an ancient ruined city of Yucatan, Mexico, situated 22 m.
The name is derived from that of the Itza, a tribe of the great Mayan stock, which formerly inhabited the city, and chicken, having reference probably to two wells or pools which doubtless originally supplied the inhabitants with water and are still in existence.
There were eserted cities falling into ruins, and others, like Chichen-itza, xmal and Tuloom, which were still inhabited by remnants of heir former Maya populations.
Nevertheless, part of the later Maya records may be genuine - for instance, when they relate .the war about three centuries before the Spanish conquest, when the king of Chichen-Itza destroyed the great city of Mayapan.
A strange stone sculpture of the so-called Chac-Mol type, known before only from the country of the Tarascs, from Tlaxcala and Chichen Itza, was discovered in Salvador (Ahuachapan).
The relation between the wall paintings of Teotihuacan and ornaments at Chichen Itza, as also the existence of sculptured stone yokes in Teotihuacan, in the country of the Totonacs, in Guatemala.
The more important of his publications are Le Mexique, souvenirs et impressions de voyage (1863), being his personal report on the expedition of 1857-61, of which the official report is to be found in Viollet-le-Duc's Cites et mines americaines: Mitla, Palenque, Izamal, Chichen-Itza, Uxmal (1863), vol.
ITZA, an American-Indian people of Mayan stock, inhabiting the country around Lake Peten in northern Guatemala.