Veitch, Method, Meditations and Selections from the Principles (1850-1853; I Ith ed., 1897; New York, 1899); by H.
30 seq.), and some of their history is still preserved in the account of the late premonarchical age (12th-I Ith centuries B.C.).
The practice of pharmacy was extended by the Arabian physicians, and the separation of it from medicine was recognized in the 8th, and legalized in the i ith century.
On the expiration of the armistice at midnight of August ioth-i ith Austria declared war.
Great efforts were made to obtain mercy for the accused, but the crime was considered too heinous, and the pope (Clement VIII.) refused to grant a pardon; on the i ith of September 1599, Beatrice and Lucrezia were beheaded, and Giacomo, after having been tortured with redhot pincers, was killed with a mace, drawn and quartered.
As early at least as the ith century the art of extracting a blue pigment from lapis lazuli was practised, and from the beginning of the 16th century this pigment began to be imported into Europe from "over the sea," as azurrum ultramarinum.
- Map illustrating Sallust's Bellum jugurthinurn (1 ith century, Leipzig).
Subsequently he became, w ith Benjamin Franklin and Arthur Lee, one of the regularly accredited commissioners to France from Congress.
With the moral and ecclesiastical decay of the papacy in the 9th and 10th centuries much of its territorial authority slipped from its grasp; and by the middle of the I ith century its rule was not recognized beyond Rome and the immediate vicinity.
The period between the downfall of Roman power, late in the 5th century, and the growth of a Bosnian state, in the i ith, is poorer in antiquities.
Massena failed to dislodge the Allies, and on the 8th of May withdrew to Salamanca, Almeida falling to Wellington on the r ith of May 181 r.
Three anonymous Latin lives were published by Colgan in his Trias Thaumaturga (Louvain, 1645), and there exists an 1 ith-century Irish life in three parts published by Whitley Stokes for the Rolls series (1887).
A ll a33 ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ a32 a33 ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ a3n an2 an3 ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ ann Similarly A ik, the cofactor of aik, is shown to be the product of (-) i+k and the determinant obtained by erasing from A the ith row and k th column.
We may say that, in the resulting determinant, the element in the ith row and k th column is obtained by multiplying the elements in the kth row of the first determinant severally by the elements in the ith row of the second, and has the expression aklb11+ak2b12+ak3b13ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ +aknbin, and we obtain other expressions by transforming either or both determinants so as to read by columns as they formerly did by rows.
Such that Aik=Aki, for the determinant got by suppressing the ith row and k th column differs only by an interchange of rows and columns from that got by suppressing the k th row and i th column.
X n/ yl, Y2,...y n j ' x 1, ï¿½ Forming the product of the first two by the product theorem, we obtain for the element in the ith row and kth column aZ, ayl az i ayz azi ayn ayl + e +...+ where or as a21 a22 ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½a2,i -1 a2,i +1 .ï¿½ï¿½a2n a31 ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½a3,i -1 a3,ti+ 1 ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½a3n ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½yi -)tin,and a7,2 ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½a,,,i -1 an,i+1 ...anï¿½' a21 a22 ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½a2, -1 a32 -1 I.
The sacristy contains a carved wooden nuptial chest of the 10th or i ith century.
On the 1 ith, on his motion, a decree was passed by acclamation for a levy of 200,000 men and the raising of £4,500,000 for the defence of the independence of the country.
And that consequently the " anonymous notary " belongs: rather to the I Ith than to the 12th century.
The frontier w ith Hungary was the last to be regulated.
LUIGI LUZZATTI (1841-), Italian economist and financier, was born of Jewish parents at Venice on the ith of March 1841.
A curious polygonal church of the i ith century at Rieux-Minervois, the abbey-church at St Papoul, with its graceful cloister of the 14th century, and the remains of the important abbey of St Hilaire, founded in the 6th century and rebuilt from the 12th to the 15th century, are also of antiquarian interest.
The Turks were in strong force in that quarter, and, as the hours passed and the defenders (3rd and r ith Divs.) massed, the situation became such as to render any French advance out of the question; indeed, but for the fire of the warships the troops who had landed could barely have maintained themselves.
Nevertheless the whole of the infantry of the ith Division was on shore before dawn, and its leading battalions had driven off the Turkish detachments met with in the immediate vicinity of the points of disembarkation.
We also have part of 35 and 36-80 in the epitome of John Xiphilinus, an i ith-century Byzantine monk.
The process in this case is to ained take a thin plate of metal and beat it into another plate Grounds of similar metal, so that the two, though welded together, retain their separate forms. The mass, while still hot, is coated ~-ith hena-tsuchi (a kind of marl) and rolled in straw ash, in which state it is roasted over a charcoal fire raised to glowing heat with the bellows.
JOINVILLE, the name of a French noble family of Champagne, which traced its descent from Etienne de Vaux, who lived at the beginning of the 1 ith century.
Lebanon, chiefly by the immigration of various more or less heretical elements, Kurd, Turkoman, Persian and especially Arab, the latter largely after the break-up of the kingdom of Hira; and early in the i ith century these coalesced into a nationality (see Druses) under the congenial influence of the Incarnationist creed brought from Cairo by Ismael Darazi and other emissaries of the caliph Hakim and his vizier Hamza.
This disaster was soon retrieved by General Sir Henry Tombs, and the Bhutias were compelled to sue for peace, which was concluded on the i ith of November 1865.
It was destroyed at the end of the ith century, but its ruins still extend five miles along the river bank.
It is inherently not improbable that a recollection has been preserved of Philistine oppressions in the 1 ith century, but it is extremely difficult to sketch any adequate sequence of events, and among the conflicting traditions are situations equally applicable to later periods of hostility.
On the r ith the real battle opened.
Thus, as early as the 1 ith century,.
These, however, soon ceased to be observed, and already in the 1 ith century, alBiruni could meet with no Hindu astronomer capable of pointing out to him the complete series.
He died on Naushon Island, Dukes county, Massachusetts, on the r ith of October 1811.
His first mention of the subject occurs in a letter to Schikhart dated the i ith of March 1618, in which he writes - " Extitit Scotus Baro, cujus nomen mihi excidit, qui praeclari quid praestitit, necessitate omni multiplicationum et divisionum in meras additiones et subtractiones commutata, nec sinibus utitur: at tamen opus est ipsi tangentium canone: et varietas, crebritas, difficultasque additionum subtractionumque alicubi laborem multiplicandi et dividendi superat."
Berengar in the i ith century assailed this view, which was really that of transubstantiation, alleging that there is no substance in matter apart from the accidents, and that therefore Christ cannot be corporally present in the sacrament; because, if so, he must be spatially present, and there will be two material bodies in one space; moreover his body will be in thousands of places at once.
The severe earthquake of the 31st of May 1818 partially destroyed the two cathedral steeples; and that of the I Ith of March 1875 damaged many of the larger buildings.
In the i ith century every village of any size seems to have possessed one, while the earliest references go back to the 8th century.
There is little or no evidence for the use of two-storeyed houses in early times, though in the 10th and i ith centuries they were common.
The sheep was valued at a shilling in both Wessex and Mercia, from early times till the i ith century.
14) that English altars were of wood down to the middle of the i ith century, -at least in the diocese of Worcester.
It was still being held in strict subjection by the latter when, towards the end of the i ith century, Hildebrand (Gregory VII.) undertook its enfranchisement and began the war of the investitures (q.v.), from which the papacy was to issue with such an extraordinary renewal of its vitality.
Their author Milaraspa (unless the work should be attributed to his disciples), often called Mila, was a Buddhist ascetic of the I ith century, who, during the intervals of meditation travelled through the southern part of middle Tibet as a mendicant friar, instructing the people by his improvisations in poetry and song, proselytizing, refuting and converting heretics, and working manifold miracles.
Gives the 23rd of September, and some Greek martyrologies give the I ith of January.
The fairs and markets in Darlington were formerly held by the bishop and were in existence as early as the 1 ith century.
In 1630 a professor of Louvain, Erycius Puteanus (van Putte), published a treatise, De Begginarum apud Belgas instituto et nomine suiragium, in which he produced three documents purporting to date from the i ith and 12th centuries, which seemed conclusively to prove that the Beguines existed long before Lambert le Begue.
In 881 Norman pirates, sailing up the Rhine, took and sacked the city; but it rapidly recovered, and in the i ith century had become the chief trading centre of Germany.
On his death on the i ith of January 1753 he bequeathed his books, manuscripts, prints, drawings, pictures, medals, coins, seals, cameos and other curiosities to the nation, on condition that parliament should pay to his executors £20,000, which was a good deal less than the value of the collection.
Of the I ith century.