It was ready to be Italianized and it was civilized enough to need no garrison.
But from the fact that the bulk of the Tunisian population belongs to the Iberian section of the Berbers, and to this being no doubt the fundamental stock of most Italian peoples, the intermixture of the Italianized Berber with his African brother has not much affected the physique of the people, though it may have slightly tinged their mental characteristics.
The men were recruited voluntarily, in Italy or in Italianized districts, and enjoyed better pay and shorter service than the regular army: they were under praefecti praetorio (usually two; later, sometimes three, rarely only one), who during most of the empire might not be senators.
The word does not occur in Italian, though it is often Italianized in English in such forms as cioppino.
But the establishment of the Frank kingdom, and still more the re-establishment of the Christian empire as the source of law and jurisdiction in Christendom, had momentous influence on the history of the Italianized Lombards.
CHIOS, an island on the west coast of Asia Minor, called by the Greeks Chios (Xios, 'v r i Xio) and by the Turks Saki Adasi; the soft pronunciation of X before c in modern Greek, approximating to sh, caused Xio to be Italianized as Scio.