ISSACHAR (a Hebrew name meaning apparently "there is a hire," or "reward"), Jacob's ninth "son," his fifth by Leah; also the name of a tribe of Israel.
In the rich territory of Issachar, traversed by the great commercial highway from the Mediterranean and Egypt to Bethshean and the Jordan, were several important towns which remained in the hands of the Canaanites for some time (Judges 1.27), separating the tribe from Manasseh.
Although Issachar is mentioned as having taken some part in the war of freedom under Deborah (Judges v.
In the "blessing upon Zebulun and Issachar" in Deut.
I) are clans of Issachar (Gen.
The district held by this tribe bordered upon Naphtali, and lay to the north of Issachar and Zebulun, and to the south of Dan.
He then (according to his highly fabulous narrative) visited the territory of Issachar, in the mountains of Media and Persia; he also describes the abodes of Zabulon, on the "other side" of the Paran Mountains, extending to Armenia and the Euphrates; of Reuben, on another side of the same mountains; of Ephraim and Half Manasseh, in Arabia, not far from Mecca; and of Simeon and the other Half of Manasseh, in Chorazin, six months' journey from Jerusalem.
11-28), Simeon, Zebulun, Issachar, Asher, Naphtali and Dan (xix.; on v.
Throughout the Old Testament history, however, Galilee as a whole cannot be said to have a history; the unit of territorial subdivision was tribal rather than provincial, and though such important events as those associated with the names of Barak, Gideon, Gilboa, Armageddon, took place within its borders, yet these belong rather to the histories of Issachar, Zebulon, Asher or Naphtali, whose territories together almost correspond with Galilee, than to the province itself.