Of these Ahmad and his second son Isma`il overthrew the Saffarids (q.v.) and the Zaidites of Tabaristan; and thus the Samanids established themselves with the sanction of the caliph Motamid in their capital Bokhara.
He was succeeded by his brother Isma`il b.
Isma`il (907-913); Nasr II.
(997, 387 A.H.), and Mahmud (q.v.), confronted with an internal contest against his own brother Isma`il, had to withdraw his attention for a short time from the affairs in Khorasan and Transoxiana.
Malik-al-Salih Isma'il, sultan of Damascus, 1237-1244.
The Story of the Death of Hosain by the pseudo-Abu Mikhnaf (translated by Wustenfeld); the Conquest of Syria by Abu Isma`il al-Basri (edited by Nassau aees, Calcutta, 1854, and discussed by de Goeje, 1864); the pseudo-Wagidi (see Hamaker, De Expugnatione Memphidis et Alexandriae, aeiden, 1835); the pseudo-Ibn Qutaiba (see Dozy, Recherches); the book ascribed to A`sam Kufi, &c. Further inquiry into the origin of these works is called for, but some of them were plainly directed to stirring up fresh zeal against the Christians.
Bukhari [[[Mahommed Ahmed Ibn Seyyid Abdullah|Mahommed ibn]] Isma`il al-Bukhari] (810-872), Arabic author of the most generally accepted collection of traditions (hadith) from Mahomet, was born at Bokhara (Bukhdra), of an Iranian family, in A.H.
C.) ASH`ARI [Abu-1 Hasan `Ali ibn Isma`il ul-Ash`ari], (873-935), Arabian theologian, was born of pure Arab stock at Basra, but spent the greater part of his life at Bagdad.
The caliph himself, wearing the mantle and the staff of the Prophet, then went out against him, and after a vigorous resistance he was beaten by Mowaffaq, who had the command of the troops, and fled to Jondisapur in Khuzistan, where he died three years later, leaving his empire to his brother `Amr. This prince maintained himself in power till the year 900, when he was beaten and taken prisoner by Isma`il b.
ABULFEDA [Abu l-Fida' Isma`il ibn 'Alf `Imad-ud-Dni] (1273-1331), Arabian historian and geographer, was born at Damascus, whither his father Malik ul-Afdal, brother of the prince of Hamah, had fled from the Mongols.