The city is provided with a tram line, and is connected with the coast at Mollendo (Islay) by a railway 107 m.
It is traversed by an important railway line from Mollendo (Islay) to Puno, on Lake Titicaca, 325 m.
The Inner Hebrides are much more scattered and principally include Skye, Small Isles (Canna, Sanday, Rum, Eigg and Muck), Coll, Tyree, Lismore, Mull, Ulva, Staffa, Iona, Kerrera, the Slate Islands (Seil, Easdale, Luing, Shuna, Torsay), Colonsay, Oronsay, Scarba, Jura, Islay and Gigha.
John Macdonald of Islay, who died about 1386, was the first to adopt the title of Lord of the Isles.
Another John of Islay resumed the title of Lord of the Isles, but was compelled to surrender the dignity.
The Macdonalds of Sleat, the direct representatives of Somerled, though driven from Islay and deprived of supreme power by James V., still kept a sort of insular state in Skye.
The Paps of Jura, for instance, rise out of a long belt of quartzite which stretches through the islands of Islay, Jura and Scarba.
The Inner Hebrides form a much less definite group. They may be regarded as beginning with the Shiant Isles in the Minch and stretching to the southern headlands of Islay, and their irregularity has no doubt been chiefly brought about by the remarkable diversity of geological structure.
While southern Scotland was thus English and Cymric, the north, from Cape Wrath to Lochaber, in the west, and to the Firth of Tay, on the east, was Pictland; and the vernacular spoken there was the Gaelic. The west, south of Lochaber to the Mull of Kintyre, with the isles of Bute, Islay, Arran and Jura, was the realm of the Dalriadic kings, Scots from Ireland (503): here, too, Gaelic was spoken, as among the " Southern Picts " of the kingdom of Galloway.
Sir Nial Campbell of Lochow, founder of the house of Argyll, secured shipping for him, and he reached a castle of Macdonald of Islay (Angus Og), his ally, at Dunaverty in Kintyre.
This enigmatic personage appeared in Islay, and rather had his pretences thrust on him than assumed them; he was half-witted.
Of Sweden and with Argyll and his brother, the earl of Islay, till he was driven from France to take refuge in Italy.
Walpole, urged by Lord Islay, brother of Argyll, is said to have approved, but nothing was done.
From Islay by the sound of Islay.
In this contest the Firbolgs were overthrown with great slaughter, and the remnants of the race according to Keating and other writers took refuge in Arran, Islay, Rathlin and the Hebrides, where they dwelt until driven out by Picts.
The circumstances which enabled the Scots to succeed in occupying Kintyre and Islay cannot now be ascertained.