IQUIQUE, a city and port of Chile, capital of the province of Tarapaca, 820 m.
Facing the city is the low barren island of Serrano, or Iquique, which is connected with the mainland by a stone causeway 1500 ft.
Iquique is a city of much commercial importance and is provided with banks, substantial business houses, newspapers, clubs, schools, railways, tramways, electric lights, telephone lines, and steamship and cable communication with the outside world.
A large number of vessels are engaged in the nitrate trade, and Iquique ranks as one of the two leading ports of Chile in the aggregate value of its foreign commerce.
Iquique was an insignificant Peruvian fishing settlement until 1830 when the export of nitrate began.
Among the most frequented of these are Valparaiso, Coquimbo, Caldera, Iquique and Arica.
Writing of a journey inland from Iquique, Charles Darwin says (Journal of Researches, &c., p. 444) "Excepting the Vultur aura,..
The mining schools at Copiap6, La Serena and Santiago had an aggregate attendance of 180 students in 1903, and the commercial schools at Iquique and Santiago an attendance of 214.
The necessary arms and ammunition were arranged for in Europe; they were shipped in a British vessel, and transferred to a Chilean steamer at Fortune Bay, in Tierra del Fuego, close to the Straits of Magellan and the Falkland Islands, and thence carried to Iquique, where they were safely disembarked early in July 1891.
In the middle of August 1891 the rebel forces were embarked at Iquique (where a provisional government under Captain Jorje Montt had been set up), numbering in all about 9000 men, and sailed for the south.
The fall of San Francisco followed, and Iquique, which was evacuated by the allies without a struggle, was occupied.