Gentil, Lianes caoutchoutifbres de l'Etat Independant du Congo (Brussels, 1904); C. O.
In April of the same year the Belgian chambers authorized the king to be the chief of the state founded by the Association, which had already taken the name of Etat Independant du Congo.
CONGO FREE STATE, the name formerly given by British writers to the Etat Independant du Congo, a state of equatorial Africa which occupied the greater part of the basin of the Congo river.
L'Etat independant du Congo, by A.
C. Boulger (London, 1898), Droit et administration de l'etat independant du Congo, by F.
Professor Cattier in a later work, Etude sur la situation de l'etat independant du Congo (Brussels, 1906), severely criticized the Congo administration.