EINBECK, or Em2BECK, a town of Germany, in the Prussian province of Hanover, on the Ilm, 50 m.
It is situated in a fertile valley on the Ilm, a small tributary of the Saale, 50 m.
Just outside the borders of the park, beyond the Ilm, is the "garden house," a simple wooden cottage with a high-pitched roof, in which Goethe used to pass the greater part of the summer.
In 1896 the Goethe-Schiller Archiv, an imposing building on the wooded height above the Ilm, containing MSS.
To the north-east, at about the same distance from the town, are the tiny château and park of Tiefurt, on the banks of the Ilm, the scene of many pastoral court revels in the past.
Among its affluents are the Elster, Regnitz and Orla on the right bank, and the Ilm, Unstrut, Salza, Wipper and Bode on the left.
BERKA, a town and watering-place of Germany, in the grandduchy of Saxe-Weimar, on the Ilm and the Weimar-Kranichfeld railway, 8 m.
Down the Ilm is the curious castle of Burgfarth, partly hewn out of the solid rock.
The surface is undulating and destitute of any striking natural features, although the valleys of the Saale and Ilm are picturesque.
The Saale flows through the east of the district and is joined by the Ilm, the Elster and the Unstrut.
The chief towns are Weimar, the capital, on the Ilm; Jena, with the common university of the Thuringian states, on the Saale; Apolda, the "Manchester of Weimar," to the east; and Ilmenau, lying among the hills on the edge of the Thuringian Forest to the S.W.
It shares with SchwarzburgSondershausen the possessions of the old house of Schwarzburg, consisting of the upper barony (Oberherrschaft) in Thuringia, on the Gera, Ilm and Saale, and the lower barony (Unterherrschaft), an isolated district on the Wipper and Helbe, about 25 m.
APOLDA, a town of Germany, in the grand-duchy of SaxeWeimar, near the river Ilm, 9 m.
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