Neither does he refer in any way to the famous cave in which, according to the Ignatian myth, the Spiritual Exercises were written.
This book evidently afforded the root idea of the Ignatian and more famous book.
The original parts of the book are principally to be found in the meditations, which are clearly Ignatian in conception as well as method.
- The Ignatian literature is very large.
The genuineness of this epistle stands or falls with that of the Ignatian epistles.
At all events the rights of the monarchical bishop are strongly asserted in the Ignatian epistles (about A.D.
This high theory of episcopacy which, if certain of the Ignatian letters be genuine, has a very early origin, has, of course, fallen upon evil days.
The differences, however, which divide this from the later creed forms are scarcely less noticeable than their agreement, and the evidence of the Ignatian epistles generally (Eph.
The epistle is largely involved in the Ignatian controversy (see Ignatius).
The testimony which it affords to the Ignatian Epistles is so striking that those scholars who regard these letters as spurious are bound to reject the Epistle of Polycarp altogether, or at any rate to look upon it as largely interpolated.
The rehabilitation of the Ignatian letters in modern times has, however, practically destroyed the attack on the Epistles of Polycarp. The external evidence in its favour is of considerable weight.
The date of the epistle depends upon the date of the Ignatian letters and is now generally fixed between 112 and 118.
Some modern scholars (among whom Harnack was formerly numbered, though he has modified his views on the point) feel a difficulty about the peremptory tone which Ignatius adopts towards Polycarp. There was some force in this argument when the Ignatian Epistles were dated about 140, as in that case Polycarp would have been an old and venerable man at the time.
Besides The Didache and the Epistles of Clement it contains several spurious Ignatian epistles.
During this long period he occupied himself with completing the constitutions by incorporating certain declarations, said to be Ignatian, which explained and sometimes completely altered the meaning of the original text.
2 Hesse's, in particular, is shipwrecked on the assumption that the Ignatian epistles must be dated under Marcus Aurelius.
But once the idea of supernatural grace going along with office as such (of which we have already a trace in the Ignatian bishop, though without the notion of actual apostolic succession) arose in connexion with successio ab apostolis, the full development of the doctrine was but a matter of time.4 Literature.