IBERIANS (Iberi, "I(3npEs), an ancient people inhabiting parts of the Spanish peninsula.
The principal sources of information about the Iberians are (i) historical, (2) numismatic, (3) linguistic, (4) anthropological.
Iberians thus meant sometimes the population of the peninsula in general and sometimes, it would appear, the peoples of some definite race (yEvos) which formed one element in that population.
Varro and Dionysius Afer proposed to identify the Iberians of Spain with the Iberians of the Caucasus, the one regarding the eastern, and other the western, settlements as the earlier.
This Neolithic race has consequently been nicknamed " Iberians," and it is now common to speak of the " Iberian " ancestry of the people of Britain, recognizing the racial characteristics of " Iberians " in the" small swarthy Welshman," the " small dark Highlander," and the " Black Celts to the west of the Shannon," as well as in the typical inhabitants of Aquitania and Brittany.
Webster, " The Celt-iberians," Academy xl.
AAca AEovrapca), founded by the Servian prince Stephen Nemanya (1159-1195) Iveron (7) tovrt Twv 'I(31)pwv), founded by Iberians, or Georgians; Esphigmenu (Tou 'Er4nyp. vov: the name is derived from the confined situation of the monastery); Kutlumush (KovrXov,uoi)n); Pandocratoros (Tou IIav-roeparopos); Philotheu (licXoKov); Caracallu (Tou KapatXAov); St Paul (Toil ayiov IlauXov); St Denis (Tou fiyiov OcovvoLov); St Gregory (Tou ayiou Fpnyopcov); Simopetra (It / 267E7pa); Xeropotamu (Toil flp07rorfiµov); St Xenophon (Tou aylou ZEv04wvTos); Dochiariu (AoXECapelov); Constamoni to (Kwv6Ta povirov); Zographu (Tou Zwypit4)ov); and Stavronikitu (Tou ITavpovtKLTov, the last built, founded in 1545).
The Iberians still reverence as saints the Armenian doctors of the 5th century, but as early as 552 they began to resent the dictatorial methods of the Armenians, as well might a proud race of mountaineers who never wholly lost their political independence; and they broke off their allegiance to the Armenian see very soon afterwards, accepted Chalcedon and joined the Byzantine church.
9) as a mixed race of Celts and Spaniards (Iberians); in either case the name represents a geographer's theory rather than an ascertained fact.
Connexion has been traced between the early Libyan race and the Cro-Magnon and other early European races and, later, the Basque peoples, Iberians, Picts, Celts and Gauls.
The megalithic monuments of Iberia and Celtic Europe have their counterparts in northern Africa, and it is suggested that these were all erected by the same race, by whatever name they be known, Berbers and Libyans in Africa, Iberians in Spain, Celts, Gauls and Picts in France and Britain.
The earliest invaders, under the name of Celtae, had occupied all central Gaul, doubtless mixing with the aboriginal Ligurians and Iberians, who, however, maintained themselves respectively in the later Provence and in Aquitania.
Turdentani and Turduli, forming permanent settlements and being still powerful there in Roman times; and in northern central Spain, from the mixture of Celts with the native Iberians, the population henceforward was called Celtiberian.