Taxation was somewhat reduced, the censorship was made less severe, political amnesties were granted, humaner officials were appointed and the Congregations (a sort of shadowy consultative assembly) were revived.
To his influence especially was attributed the humaner policy of Octavian after his first alliance with Antony and Lepidus.
The Medici pursued a humaner course.
The influence of Panaetius and Polybius was more adapted to their maturity, when they led the state in war, statesmanship and oratory, and when the humaner teaching of Stoicism began to enlarge the sympathies of Roman jurists.
The plainest legacy of the 18th century to later times has been a humaner spirit in theology.