HUCBALD (HUGBALDUS, HUBALDUS), Benedictine monk, and writer on music, was born at the monastery of Saint Amand near Tournai, in or about 840, if we may believe the statement of his biographers to the effect that he died in 930, aged 90.
Hucbald made rapid progress in the acquirement of various sciences and arts, including that of music, and at an early age composed a hymn in honour of St Andrew, which met with such success as to excite the jealousy of his uncle.
It is said that Hucbald in consequence was compelled to leave St Amand, and started an independent school of music and other arts at Nevers.
Between 883 and 900 Hucbald went on several missions of reforming and reconstructing various schools of music, including that of Rheims, but in the latter year he re- turned to St Amand, where he remained to the day of his death on the 25th of June 930, or, according to other chroniclers, on the 20th of June 932.
The Musica Enchiriadis, published with other writings of minor importance in Gerbert's Scriptores de Musica, and containing a complete system of musical science as well as instructions regarding notation, has now been proved to have originated about half a century later than the death of the monk Hucbald, and to have been the work of an unknown writer belonging to the close of the 10th century and possibly also bearing the name of Hucbald.
216 et seq.); Coussemaker, Memoire sur Hucbald (Paris, 1841); Hans Muller, Hucbald's echte and unechte Schriften fiber Musik (Leipzig, 1884); Spitta, Die Musica Enchiriadis and seine Zeitalter (Vierteljahresschrift ffir Musikwissenschaft, 1889, 5th year).