Hsiian Tsang, the celebrated Chinese pilgrim, visited Benares in the 7th century A.D.
Badakshan, part of the Greek Bactria, was visited by Hsiian Tsang in 630 and 644.
The ancient Zend name is, according to Rawlinson, Paresina, the essential part of Paropamisus; this accounts for the great Asiastic Parnassus of Aristotle, and the Pho-lo-sin-a of Hsiian Tsang.
400; his successor Hsiian Tsang, about 650, states that it then contained twenty Buddhist monasteries and five Brahmanical temples.
Hsiian Tswang passed through Kashgar (which he calls Ka-sha) on his return journey from India to China.
Hsiian Tsang informs us that Dinnaga, the celebrated Buddhist philosopher and controversialist, author of well-known books on logic, resided there.
Hsiian Tsang, the famous Chinese pilgrim, tells a quaint story of a Dhammapala of Kanchipura (the modern Konjevaram).
It is most likely that this story, whether legendary or not (and Hsiian Tsang heard the story at Kanchipura nearly two centuries after the date of Dhammapala), referred to this author.
But it may also refer, as Hsiian Tsang refers it, to another author of the same name.
Amravati has been identified with Hsiian Tsang's To-na-kie-tse-kia and with the Rahmi of Arab geographers.
When Hsiian Tsang visited Amravati in A.D.
And it possibly lasted till the 7th century, for Hsiian Tsang mentions that in a monastery in Bengal the monks then followed a certain regulation of Devadatta's (T.
It is a striking example of the way in which such legends grow, that it is only the latest of these authorities, Hsiian Tsang, who says that, though ostensibly approaching the Buddha with a view to reconciliation, Devadatta had concealed poison in his nail with the object of murdering the Buddha.
That the idols of Bamian, about which so many conjectures have been uttered, were Buddhist figures, is ascertained from the narrative of the Chinese pilgrim, Hsiian-Tsang, who saw them in their splendour in A.D.
==Turkoman Dynasties== In the time of Hsiian Tsang (A.D.
After this he reigned for 342 years, devoting most of his energy to perfecting the administration of his vast dominions, which he did with such wisdom and liberality as to earn the commendation of Hsiian Tsang.
620), and whose court was visited by Hsiian Tsang (A.D.
640 the Chola country was visited by Hsiian Tsang, but the country at that time was desolate, and the dynasty of small importance.
Hsiian Tsang visited Kanchi, the Pallava capital, in the year A.D.
When Hsiian Tsang visited the country in A.D.
Hsiian Tsang, the subject of this notice.
(a) the Ta-T'ang-Si-Yu-Ki, or Memoirs on Western Countries issued by the Tang Dynasty, which was compiled under the traveller's own supervision, by order of the great emperor Tai-Tsung; and (b) a Biography of Hsiian Tsang by two of his contemporaries.
Hsiian Tsang soon followed his brother's example.
After great suffering Hsiian Tsang reached Igu, the seat of a Turkish principality, and pursued his way along the southern foot of the T'ian-shan, which he crossed by a glacier pass (vividly described) in the longitude of Lake Issyk-kul.
In 664 Hsiian Tsang died in a convent at Chang-gan.
The Chinese traveller Hsiian Tsang, who visited it in the 7th century, says that it was then 6 m.
It is possible that in these ruins we may recognize the Nan Vihara of the Chinese traveller Hsiian Tsang.
From the Memoirs of Hsiian Tsang, we learn that, at the time of his visit in the 7th century, there were in the city, or its vicinity, about a hundred Buddhist convents, with 3000 devotees, and that there was a large number of stupas, and other religious monuments.
See Hsiian Tsang, tr.
The Chinese travellers, Fa Hien in the 5th century, and Hsiian Tsang in the 7th century, found the Buddhist religion prevailing throughout Bengal, but already in a fierce struggle with Hinduism - a struggle which ended about the 9th or 10th century in the general establishment of the latter faith.