The town lies among hills, has an excellent climate, and in colonial times was (like Holguin) an acclimatization station for troops fresh from Spain; it now has considerable repute as a health resort.
Evidences of ancient workings remain near Holguin and Gibara, and it is possible that some of these workings are still exploitable.
HOLGUIN, a town of the high plateau country in the interior of Oriente province, Cuba, about 65 m.
Holguin was long the principal acclimatization station for Spanish troops.
Holguin has trade in cabinet woods, tobacco, Indian corn and cattle products, which it exports through its port Gibara, about 25 m.
Holguin was settled about 1720 and became a ciudad (city) in 1751.
In the Ten Years' War of 1868-78 and in the revolution of 1895-98 Holguin was an insurgent centre.
It is served by railway to the S.S.W., to Holguin and Cacocum (where it connects with the main line between Santiago and Havana), and is a port of call for the American Munson Line.
He was unable, however, in consequence of ill-health, to reside at Bogota and discharge the presidential duties, and consequently in August 1888 Senor Carlos Holguin was designated to act for him.