The minority, among whom were prominent Ca" "pals Rauscher and Schwarzenberg, Hefele, bishop of Rotterdam (the historian of the councils) Cardinal Mathieu, Mgr Dupanloup, Mgr Maret, &c., &c., did not pretend to deny the papal infallibility; they pleaded the inopportuneness of the definition and brought forward difficulties mainly of an historical order, in particular the famous condemn ion of Pope Honorius by the 6th ecumenical council of Const: ntinople in 680.
Mansi, Hardouin, Hefele and Dale are in substantial agreement upon 305 or 306, and this is probably the closest approximation possible in the present state of the evidence.
Pp. 247-258; Hefele (2nd ed.) i.
For these years his history coincides with that of the Eastern Church from 430 to 451, and for this very reason it is impossible to sketch it even briefly here (see Hefele, Conc.-gesch., vol.
Xviii.; Hefele, Conc.-gesch., vol.
The case in Hefele, Councils, in loc.).
The upshot of a long conflict was that the papal claim to entertain appeals from Africa by priests and deacons was rejected by the African bishops, who in their final synodical epistle also repudiate in terms any right of appeal by African bishops to " parts beyond the seas " (see Hefele, Councils, bk.
He was cited three times, in the canonical manner, and upon not appearing was threatened in the third session with anathema (Hefele, Councils, sect.
In the seventh session it accepted the suggestion of Justinian, merely to order the name of Vigilius to be removed from the liturgical prayers, at the same time expressing its desire to maintain unity with the see of Old Rome (Hefele, sect.
An alleged decree of a council of Autun in 670 is part of a code of discipline for monasteries (see authorities cited by Hefele, Councils, sect.
Abroad unsuccessful attempts were made by local councils to enact that officials and vicars-general should be in holy orders (Hefele on Councils of Tortosa in 1429 and Sixth of Milan in 1582).
(The details are in Mansi, Conc. in locis, and in Hefele, Conc. in locis, more briefly.
Von Hefele, Conciliengeschichte (Freiburg, 1855-1890); M.
Canons were adopted, thirty according to the generally received tradition, although the most ancient texts contain but twentyeight, and, as Hefele points out, the so-called twenty-ninth and thirtieth are properly not canons, but repetitions of proposals made in a previous session.
Pp. 1-772; Hefele (2nd ed.) ii.
Von Hefele, Conciliengeschichte, vol.
SYNOD OF LAODICEA, held at Laodicea ad Lycum in Phrygia, some time between 343 and 381 (so Hefele; but Baronius argues for 314, and others for a date as late as 399), adopted sixty canons, chiefly disciplinary, which were declared ecumenical by the council of Chalcedon, 451.
777-792; Hefele, 2nd ed., i.
Cardwell, Synodalia (2 vols., Oxford, 1842);1842); for translations and summaries, Guerin, Landon and Hefele, Conciliengeschichte, vol.
Xxix.-xxxi.; Aeneas Sylvius, De rebus Basileae gestis (Fermo, 1903); Hefele, Conciliengeschichte, vol.
An elaborate discussion is found in Hefele, Conciliengeschichte (2nd ed.), i.
The canons are printed in C. Mirbt, Quellen zur Geschichte des Papsttums (Tubingen, 1901), p. 46 f.; Hefele, Conciliengeschichte, ed.
P. 281 sq.; Hefele, Conciliengeschichte, v.
Xxi., 525 sq.; Hefele, Conciliengeschichte, V.
212 sq.; Hefele, Conciliengeschichte, V.
953 sq.; Hefele, Conciliengeschichte, V.
1570 sq.; Hefele-HergenrOther, Conciliengeschichte, viii.
Von Hefele, Conciliengeschichte, 2nd ed., vol.
See Hefele, Conciliengesch.
Three other letters, though contested by Hefele, seem to have been written by Liberius at the time of his submission to the emperor.
Hefele himself, one of the most learned and acute of Cyril's partisans, is compelled to admit that Nestorius accurately held the duality of the two natures and the integrity of each, was equally explicitly opposed to Arianism and Apollinarianism, and was perfectly correct in his assertion that the Godhead can neither be born nor suffer; all that he can allege against him is that "the fear of the communicatio idiomatum pursued him like a spectre."
Von Hefele (edited by KnOpfler.) In addition to these general works on church history should be named the histories of doctrine by Harnack, Loofs, Seeberg and Fisher; and on the early Church the works on the apostolic age by Weizsacker (1886, English translation 1894), McGiffert (1897), and Bartlet (1899); Renan's Histoire des origines du christianisme (1867 ff., in 7 vols., translated in part); Pfleiderer's Urchristenthum (1887); S.
Hefele, Conciliengeschichte (2nd ed., 9 vols., Freiburg, 1873-1890).
Von Hefele, Conciliengeschichte, Bd.
Important matter is to be found in the resolutions of the councils from the 4th century onwards (see Mansi, Acta concil., and Hefele, Conciliengeschichte, vols.
Inquisition in Spain (English abridgment, 1826); Hefele in I.
Erler (1890); Christophe, Histoire de la papaute (1873); Hefele, Conciliengeschichte (Freiburg i.
C. Conybeare, Key of Truth (Oxford); Hefele, History of the Christian Councils (Edinburgh, 1872), vol.
Hamilton (1900-1902); Hefele-Hergenrother, Conciliengeschichte, vol.
Von Hefele, Conciliengeschichte (2nd ed., 1873-90), vol.
This is the controversy known as that of theThree Chapters (Tria capitula,r pia KEg4aXaca), apparently from the three propositions or condemnations contained in Justinian's original edict, one relating to Theodore's writings and person, the second to the incriminated treatise of Theodoret (whose person was not attacked), the third to the letter (if genuine) of Ibas (see Hefele, Conciliengeschichte, ii.
80 ff., Lauchert 43 ff., and translated by Hefele, Councils, ii.
44, and Hefele, ii.
KARL JOSEF VON HEFELE (1809-1893), German theologian, was born at Unterkochen in Wurttemberg on the 15th of March 1809, and was educated at Tubingen, where in 1839 he became professor-ordinary of Church history and patristics in the Roman Catholic faculty of theology.
He also took part, with Bishops Hefele and Haseberg, in the preparatory work of the Vatican Council and voted in favour of the doctrine of papal infallibility but against the opportuneness of its promulgation.
The growing tendency of the clergy to look upon their endow 1 Hefele, Beitrage zur Kirchengesch.
Erler (Leipzig, 1890); von Hefele, Concilienk, eschichte, Bd.
Xxv.; Hefele, Conciliengeschichte, vol.