4 See Hecker, Epidemics of the Middle Ages (1859).
FRIEDRICH FRANZ KARL HECKER (1811-1881), German revolutionist, was born at Eichtersheim in the Palatinate on the 28th of September 1811, his father being a revenue official.
But it was in vain that on becoming a deputy Hecker endeavoured to carry out its impracticable provisions.
The proof lies in the new Offenburg demands of the 19th of March, and in the resolution moved by Hecker in the preliminary parliament of Frankfort that Germany should be declared a republic. But neither in Baden nor Frankfort did he at any time gain his point.
The arrest of the editor of the Constanzer Seeblatt, a friend of Hecker's, in Karlsruhe station on the 8th of April), inspired Hecker with the idea of an armed rising under pretext of the foundation of the German republic. The 9th to the 11th of April was secretly spent in preliminaries.
On the 12th of April Hecker and Struve sent a proclamation to the inhabitants of the Seekreis and of the Black Forest "to summon the people who can bear arms to Donaueschingen at mid-day on the 14th, with arms, ammunition and provisions for six days."
The grand-ducal government of the Seekreis was dissolved, and Hecker gradually gained reinforcements.
Hecker, however, was not at all ready to listen to them; on the contrary, he added to violence an absurd defiance, and offered an amnesty to the German princes on condition of their retiring within fourteen days into private life.
The troops of Baden and Hesse marched against him, under the command of General Friedrich von Gagern, and on the 10th of April they met near Kandern, where Gagern was killed, it is true, but Hecker was completely defeated.
Like many of the revolutionaries of that period, Hecker retired to Switzerland.
On this account Hecker resolved in September 1848 to emigrate to North America, and obtained possession of a farm near Belleville in the state of Illinois.
Hecker was always very much beloved of all the German democrats.
Hecker, Die Erhebung des Volkes in Baden far die deutsche Republik (Baden, 1848); F.
Hecker, Reden and Vorlesungen (Neerstadt a.
Hecker took the opportunity of a voyage from Hamburg to La Plata, and in 1904 and 1905 of voyages in the Indian and Pacific Oceans to determine the local attraction over the ocean by comparing the atmospheric pressure measured by means of a mercurial barometer and a boiling-point thermometer, and obtained results similar to Scott Hansen's.
These aspirations have been proclaimed with especial emphasis in France, in Germany (Reformkatholizismus) and in the United States (Americanism; see Hecker, I.
Hecker, Die Stadt and das Tal zu Munster im St Gregoriental (Munster, 1890).
Hecker in his measurement of the variation in the vertical and of tidal earth tremors.
But the reason for this was not, as Herr Max Hecker rather absurdly suggests, Wolfgang's jealousy of his grandfather's oppressive fame, but one far more simple and natural.
Hecker in Allgem.
7; see Hecker, De peste Antoniana (Berlin, 1835).
(2) See the original account reprinted with other documents in Haser, op. cit.; also Hecker, Epidemics of the Middle Ages, trans.
Hecker calculates that one-fourth of the population of Europe, or 25 millions of persons, died in the whole of the epidemics.
Among these were included George William Curtis and his brother James Burrill Curtis, Father Isaac Thomas Hecker (1819-1888), General Francis C. Barlow (1834-1896), who as attorney-general of New York in 1872-1873 took a leading part in the prosecution of the "Tweed Ring."