The manufacturers of Geneva formed in 1487 no fewer than 38 gilds, including tailors, hatters, mercers, weavers, tanners, saddle-makers, furriers, shoe-makers, painters on glass, &c. Goldsmiths are mentioned as early as 1290.
The common hare of Europe does not much interest the furrier, the fur being chiefly used by makers of hatters' felt.
Formerly the fur was only used for hatters' felt, but with the rise in prices of furs these skins have been more carefully removed and-with improved dressing, unhairing and silvering processes-the best provides a very effective and suitable fur for ladies' coats, capes, stoles, muffs, hats and gloves, while the lower qualities make very useful, light-weighted and inexpensive linings for men's or women's driving coats.
He entered his father's firm of hatters, in London, and later became a director of the London Joint-Stock Bank.
In 1732 the London hatters complained of the competition of Connecticut hats in their trade.