The discovery of the now celebrated Code of Khammurabi (Hammurabi)' (hereinafter simply termed 1 For the transliteration of Babylonian and Assyrian names generally, see Babylonia And Assyria, section ix., Proper Names.
" The Code of Hammurabi," Editio princeps, by V.
Harper, The Code of Hammurabi, King of Babylon about 2250 B.C. (Chicago, 1904); S.
Cook, The Laws of Moses and the Code of Hammurabi (London, 1903).
Robert Harper, Code of Hammurabi, pp. 6-7, lines 55-58.
See King, Letters and Inscriptions of Hammurabi, iv.
The view formerly maintained by the present writer (Laws of Moses and Code of Hammurabi, 1903, pp. 204 sqq., 279 seq., &c.) relied upon the difference between the exilic or post-exilic sources which unambiguously reflect Babylonian and related ideas, and the absence in other biblical sources of the features which an earlier comprehensive Babylonian influence would have produced, and it incorrectly assumed that the explanation might be found in the ordinary reconstructions of Israelite history.