JULIUS WELLHAUSEN (1844-), German biblical scholar and Orientalist, was born at Hameln on the Weser, Westphalia, on the 17th of May 1844.
From Detmold and on the railway Hameln-Lage.
HAMELN, a town of Germany, in the Prussian province of Hanover, at the confluence of the Weser and Hamel, 33 m.
The older name of Hameln was Hameloa or Hamelowe, and the town owes its origin to an abbey.
On the capitulation of the Hanoverian army in 1803 Hameln fell into the hands of the French; it was retaken by the Prussians in 1806, but, after the battle of Jena, again passed to the French, who dismantled the fortifications and incorporated the town in the kingdom of Westphalia.
- Hameln is famed as the scene of the myth of the piper of Hameln.
Curious evidence that the story rests on a basis of truth is given by the fact that the Koppelberg is not one of the imposing hills by which Hameln is surrounded, but no more than a slight elevation of the ground, barely high enough to hide the children from view as they left the town.
See C. Langlotz, Geschichte der Stadt Hameln(Hameln, 1888 fol.); Sprenger, Geschichte der Stadt Hameln (1861); O.
Meinardus, Der historische Kern der Rattenfdngersage (Hameln, 1882); Jostes, Der Rattenfdnger von Hameln (Bonn, 1885); and S.
He studied at Hameln, Luneburg, Hamburg, Lubeck and Danzig, and after graduating Ph.D.
It is connected by railway with Berlin, Hamburg, Bremen, Hameln, Cologne, Altenbeken and Cassel, and the facilities of intercourse have, under the fostering care of the Prussian government, enormously developed its trade and manufactures.
Other towns past which it flows between Munden and the sea are Karlshafen, Hoxter, Holzminden, Bodenwerder, Hameln, Rinteln,Vlotho, Minden, Stolzenau,Nienburg, Vegesack, Elsfleth, Brake, Geestemunde and Bremerhaven.
The iron works are very important: smelting is carried on in the Harz and near Osnabruck; there are extensive foundries and machine factories at Hanover, Linden, Osnabruck, Hameln, Geestemunde, Harburg, Osterode, &c., and manufactories of arms at Herzberg, and of cutlery in the towns of the Harz and in the Sollinger Forest.
Linen yarn and cloth are largely manufactured, especially in the south about Osnabruck and Hildesheim, and bleaching is engaged in extensively; woollen cloths are made to a considerable extent in the south about Einbeck, GÃ¶ttingen and Hameln; cotton-spinning and weaving have their principal seats at Hanover and Linden.