The old electoral palace (1627-1678), a large building of red sandstone, now contains a valuable collection of Roman and Germanic antiquities, a picture gallery, a natural history museum, the Gutenberg Museum, and a library of 220,000 volumes.
A handsome statue of Gutenberg, by Thorwaldsen, was erected at Mainz in 1837.
The citizens espoused the cause of Diether, but their city was captured by Adolph; it was then deprived of its privileges and was made subject to the archbishop. Many of the inhabitants were driven into exile, and these carried into other lands a knowledge of the art of printing, which had been invented at Mainz by Johann Gutenberg in 1450.
Gutenberg and Shakespeare were among the patrons of the thirteen months in this calendar.
The municipal library, with 300,000 volumes, boasts among its rarer treasures a Gutenberg Bible printed at Mainz between 1450 and 1455, another on parchment dated 1462, the Institutiones Justiniani (Mainz, 1468), the Theuerdank, with woodcuts by Hans Schaufelein, and numerous valuable autographs.
The statues of Gutenberg, Fust and Schoffer form a group on the top; an ornamented frieze presents medallions of a number of famous printers; below these are figures representing the towns of Mainz, Strassburg, Venice and Frankfort; and on the corners of the pedestal are allegorical statues of theology, poetry, science and industry.
It is not clear how the first printers struck off their copies, but without doubt Gutenberg did use at an early period in his career a mechanical press of some kind, which was constructed of wood.
Had you been around then, would you have seen the inscrutable lines of cause and effect that connected the new technology Gutenberg pioneered and an unknown monk named Martin Luther?
Renaissance thinkers were so focused on the Classical Era that when cheap printing came along, thanks to Gutenberg, much that was printed (aside from theological works) was either Greek or Roman classics, commentaries on Greek or Roman classics, or imitations of Greek and Roman classics.
Long ago, before Gutenberg, if you wanted to know something, you had to memorize it.