CARL GUSTAF NORDIN (1749-1812), Swedish statesman, historian and ecclesiastic. In 1774 he was made docent of Gothic antiquities at Upsala University in consequence of his remarkable treatise, Monumenta svia-golhica vetustioris aevi falso meritoque suspecta.
Odhner, Sveriges politiska historia under Gustaf III.'s regering (Stockholm, 1885, &c.); R.
Indeed it may be safely said that Gustavus III., during the last six years of his reign, mainly depended upon Wallqvist and his clerical colleague, Carl Gustaf Nordin, who were patriotic enough to subordinate even their private enmity to the royal service.
Tegner, Gustaf Mauritz Armfelt, vol.
Noel's Gustaf Adolf (London, 1904) and a paper by the same officer in the Journal of the United States Institution of India (Oct.
Erik Gustaf Geijer >>
GUSTAF MAURITZ ARMFELT, Count (1757-1814), son of Charles II.'s general, Carl Gustaf Armfelt, was born in Finland on the 31st of March 1757.
(London, 1895); Elof Tegner, Gustaf Mauritz Armfelt (Stockholm, 1883-1887).
The first of these, starting from the Stora Bommenshamn, where the sea-going passenger-steamers lie, leads past the museum to the Gustaf-Adolfs-Torg.
Gustaf-Adolfs-Torg is the business centre, and contains the town-hall (1670) and exchange (1849).
On the death of Gustavus III., Charles, now duke of Sudermania, acted as regent of Sweden till 1796; but the real ruler of the country was the narrow-minded and vindictive Gustaf Adolf Reuterholm, whose mischievous influence over him was supreme.
Sjogren, Gustaf Vasa (Stockholm, 1896); C. M.
The Karl Gustaf Stads rifle factory was established in 1814.
He is mainly known as a collaborator with the learned historian, Erik Gustaf Geijer, in the great collection of Swedish folk-songs, Svenske folkirsor fran forntiden, 3 vols.
Gustavus's prompt dismissal of the generally detested Gustaf Reuterholm added still further to his popularity.
Key-Aberg, De diplomatiska fOrbindelserna mellan Sverige och Storbrittannien under Gustaf I V.'s Krig emot Napoleon (Upsala, 1890); Colonel Gustafsson, La Journee du treize mars, &c. (St Gall, 1835); Memorial des Obersten Gustafsson (Leipzig, 1829).
The Norrbro gives upon Gustaf-Adolfs-Torg, where a statue of that king stands between the royal theatre, royal opera house and the palace of the crown prince.
A new race of politicians was springing up. Since 1719, when the influence of the few great territorial families had been merged in a multitude of needy gentlemen, the first estate had become the nursery and afterwards the stronghold of an opposition at once noble and democratic which found its natural leaders in such men as Count Carl Gyllenborg and Count Carl Gustaf Tessin.
But the contrast, at this crisis, between his self-sacrificing patriotism and the treachery of the Russophil aristocracy was so striking that, when the Riksdag assembled, Gustavus found that the three lower estates were ultra-royalist, and with their aid he succeeded, not without running great risks (see GUSTAVUS III.; Nordin, Gustaf; Wallqvist, Olaf), in crushing the opposition of the nobility by a second coup d'etat (Feb.
Good understanding between the two countries was seriously impaired, especially when the proclivities of Gustaf Reuterholm, who then virtually ruled Sweden, induced him to adopt what was generally considered an indecently friendly attitude towards the government at Paris.
Smarting beneath their grievances and seriously believing that not only the young king's crown but his very life was in danger, they formed a conspiracy, the soul of which was Gustaf Mauritz Armfelt, to overthrow the government, with the aid of a Russian fleet, supported by a rising of the Dalecarlians.
Crown Prince Gustaf, who during the illness of King Oscar was appointed regent, took the initiative of renewing the negotiations between the two countries, and on the 5th of April in a combined Swedish and Norwegian council of state made a proposal for a reform both of the administration of diplomatic affairs and of the consular service on the basis of full equality between the two kingdoms, with the express reservation, however, of a joint foreign minister - Swedish or Norwegian - as a condition for the existence of the union.
Gustaf Rosenhane (1619-1684), who was a reformer on quite other lines.
Count Gustaf Philip Creutz (q.v.; 1731-1785) was a Finlander who achieved an extraordinary success with his idyllic poems, and in particular with the beautiful pastoral of Atis och Camilla, long the most popular of all Swedish poems. His friend Count Gustaf Fredrik Gyllenborg.
(1774); and Karl Gustaf Tessin (1695-1770) who wrote on politics and on aesthetics.
In comedy Reinhold Gustaf Modee (d.
But his best work was his national drama of Gustaf Vasa (1783), written by the king in prose, and afterwards versified by Kellgren.
He was the first writer Kellgren of the end of the century in Sweden, and the second undoubtedly was Karl Gustaf of Leopold' (1756-1829),.
Of its patriotic editors the most prominent was Erik Gustaf Geijer (q.v.; 1783-1847), but he was presently joined by a young man slightly older than himself, Esaias Tegner (q.v.; 1782-1846), afterwards bishop of Getter.
The Gothic Society eventually included certain younger men than these - Arvid August Afzelius (1785-1871), the first editor of the Swedish folk-songs; Gustaf Vilhelm Gumaelius (1789-1877), who has been somewhat pretentiously styled " The Swedish Walter Scott," author of the historical novel of Tord Bonde; Baron Bernhard von Beskow (q.v.; 1796-1868), lyrist and dramatist; and Karl August Nicander (1799-1839), a lyric poet who approached the Phosphorists in manner.
Lars Johan Hierta (1801-1872) was the leading journalist, Johan Henrik Thomander, bishop of Lund (1798-1865), the greatest orator, Matthias Alexander Castren (1813-1852) a prominent man of science, and Karl Gustaf af Forsell (1783-1848), the principal statistician of this not very brilliant period.
Of those who have worked side by side with Strindberg, the most prominent and active was Gustaf of Geijerstam (b.
Late successes in the novel has been those of Hilma, Angered-Strandberg (On the Prairie, 1898) and Gustaf Janson (Paradise, 1900).
But by far the most original and enjoyable lyrical genius of the later period is that of Gustaf Froding (b.
Ljunggren in his Svenska vitterhetens hafder fran Gustaf dod (1818-1819; new ed.
Gustavus was educated under the care of two governors who were amongst the most eminent Swedish statesmen of the day, Carl Gustaf Tessin and Carl Scheffer; but he owed most perhaps to the poet and historian Olof von Dalin.
Geijer, Konung Gustaf III.'s efterlemnade papper (Upsala, 1843-1845); C. T.
Odhner, Sveriges politiska historia under Konung Gustaf III.'s regering (Stockholm, 1885-1896); B.
Von Beskow, Om Gustaf III.
Levertin, Gustaf III.
Som dramatisk forfattare (Stockholm, 1894); Gustaf III.'s bref till G.
In 1751 he succeeded Gustaf Tessin as prime minister, and controlled the foreign policy of Sweden for the next nine years.
At this time Madame Kovalevsky was at Stockholm, where Gustaf Mittag Leffler, also a pupil of Weierstrass, who had been recently appointed to the chair of mathematics at the newly founded university, had procured for her a post as lecturer.