Taken by storm on New Year's day 1813 by the Russians, Lenkoran was in the same year formally surrendered by Persia to Russia by the treaty of Gulistan, along with the khanate of Talysh, of which it was the capital.
By the peace of Gulistan in 1813 Persia ceded to Russia several districts in eastern Caucasia, from Lenkoran northwards to Derbent.
He left a romantic poem on the loves of Yusuf and Zuleykha, and a work entitled Nigaristan, which is modelled both in style aad matter on the Gulistan of Sa`di.
Of the Treaty of Gulistan of 1813, confirmed by article viii.
Was taken by Persia, but retaken by Russia during the next three months; and on the 13th of October 1813, through Sir Gore Ouselevs intervention, the Treaty of Gulistan put an end to the war.
I read in the Gulistan, or Flower Garden, of Sheik Sadi of Shiraz, that they asked a wise man, saying: Of the many celebrated trees which the Most High God has created lofty and umbrageous, they call none azad, or free, excepting the cypress, which bears no fruit; what mystery is there in this?