Caird expressed the opinion that the cost of carriage from abroad would always protect the British grower, the average all-rail freight from Chicago to New York was 17.76 cents, while the summer rate (partly by water) was 13.17 cents.
In selection work the grower must keep definitely in view the special market requirements for the kinds of tobacco he is producing.
Sanguineum, a tufted grower, has the flowers a deep rose colour; and the double-flowered white and blue forms of G.
This ideal is before the cotton grower in all parts of the world, but practical steps are not always taken to realize it.
A third, known as the "pie" system enables the grower to bridge over the interval, and to keep his hands employed, between the end of the "head" and the beginning of the "pit" strippings.
It is not unusual in bad seasons for a single grower to lose 30 per acre in one season.
In proof thereof, we may quote the case of an extensive grower in the midland counties - sending fruit to the London market in tons - whose crop of gooseberries increased nearly fourfold after establishing a number of stocks of bees in close proximity to the gooseberry bushes.
It may be safely said that the value of the bee to the fruit-grower and the market-gardener has been proved beyond dispute; and the technical instruction now afforded by county councils in the rural districts of England has an appreciable effect.