Malta and Gozo are the only islands of the Mediterranean which can be associated with this section, and, per contra, the mountain chain of north-west Africa belongs to Eurasia.
Long by 84 broad; Gozo is 84 by 41 m.
There are good anchorages in the channels between Gozo and Comino, and between Comino and Malta.
This phenomenal congestion of population gives interest to records of its growth; in the 10th century there were 16,767 inhabitants in Malta and 4514 in Gozo; the total population in 1514 was 22,000.
The population in 1551 was, Malta 24,000, Gozo 7000.
The chief town of Gozo is called Victoria, and there are several small villages.
The earliest inhabitants of Malta (Melita) and Gozo (Gaulos) belonged to a culture-circle which included the whole of the western Mediterranean, and to a race which perhaps originated from North Africa; and it is they, and not the Phoenicians, who were the builders of the remarkable megalithic monuments which these islands contain, the Gigantia in Gozo, Hagiar Kim and Mnaidra near Crendi, the rock-cut hypogeum of Halsaflieni,' and the megalithic buildings on the hill of Corradino in Malta, being the most noteworthy.
Even the barren islet of Comino, between Malta and Gozo, was inhabited in prehistoric times.
In 1427 the Turks raided Malta and Gozo, they carried many of the inhabitants into captivity, but gained no foothold.
The knights of St John having been driven from Rhodes by the Turks, obtained the grant of Malta, Gozo and Tripoli in 1530 from the emperor Charles V., subject to a reversion in favour of the emperor's successor in the kingdom of Aragon should the knights leave Malta, and to the annual tribute of a falcon in acknowledgment that Malta was under the suzerainty of Spain.
The African Arabs under Selim Pasha in 1551 ravaged Gozo, after an unsuccessful attempt on Malta, repulsed by cavalry under Upton, an English knight.
GOZO (Gozzo), an island of the Maltese group in the Mediterranean Sea, second in size to Malta.
Tully, History of the Plague in Malta, Gozo, Corfu and Cephalonia (London, 1821), 8vo; White, Treatise on the Plague (at Corfu) (London 1847); Calvert, " On the Plague in Malta, 1813," Med.-Chi.
Oec. viii.); all the Phoenician vessels from the round merchant-boat (7a13Aos - after which the island of Gaulus, now Gozo, near Malta was called) to the great Tarshish-ships.
Inscriptions of the 3rd and 2nd centuries B.C. mention a Rab (chief) in Sidon, Cyprus and Gaulus (Gozo); what his position was it is difficult to say; in the colonies he may have been a district governor.