GOSLAR, a town of Germany, in the Prussian province of Hanover, romantically situated on the Gose, an affluent of the Oker, at the north foot of the Harz, 24 m.
Goslar is believed to have been founded by Henry the Fowler about 920, and when in the time of Otto the Great the mineral treasures in the neighbourhood were discovered it increased rapidly in prosperity.
In the middle of the 14th century the famous Goslar statutes, a code of laws, which was adopted by many other towns, was published.
Erdmann, Die alte Kaiserstadt Goslar and ihre Umgebung in Geschichte, Sage and Bild (Goslar, 1892); Crusius, Geschichte der vormals kaiserlichen freien Reichstadt Goslar (1842-1843); A.
Wolfstieg, Verfassungsgeschichte von Goslar (Berlin, 1885); T.
Asche, Die Kaiserpfalz zu Goslar (1892); Neuburg, Goslars Bergbau bis 1 55 2 (Hanover, 1892); and the Urkundenbuch der Stadt Goslar, edited by G.
30 1918 he was interned at Goslar, whence he escaped on Nov.
Mountains, on the Holzemme, at the junction of railways to Halle, Goslar and Thale.
He assisted the first efforts of the Reformation at Magdeburg (1524), at Goslar (I 531) and at Einbeck (1534); took an active part in the debates at Schmalkalden (1537), where he defended the use of the sacrament by the unbelieving; and (1539) spoke out strongly against the bigamy of the landgrave of Hesse.
Sought to win the allegiance of the Saxons by residing among them, and built a castle at Goslar and the Harzburg; and the emperor Henry IV.
The result of the congress, however, was not unfavourable to the new kingdom, which received East Friesland, the secularized bishopric of Hildesheim, the city of Goslar, and some smaller additions of territory, in return for the surrender of the greater part of the duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg to Prussia.
The league was soon joined by other strong cities, among them Strassburg, Ulm, Constance, Lhbeck and Goslar; but it was not until after the defeat and death of Zwingli atKappel in October 1531 that it was further strengthened by the adhesion of those towns which had hitherto looked for leadership to the Swiss reformer.
Robineau (Saint-Omer, 1882); and Friedrich Koch (Goslar, 1885).
From Goslar and 18 m.
See Delius, Untersuchungen fiber die Geschichte der Harzburg (Halberstadt, 1826); Dommes, Harzburg and seine Umgebung (Goslar, 1862); Jacobs, Die Harzburg and ihre Geschichte (1885); and Stolle, Fiihrer von Bad Harzburg (1899).
In 1069 he was recalled by Henry, when he made a further attempt to establish a northern patriarchate, which failed owing to the hostility of the papacy and the condition of affairs in the Scandinavian kingdoms. He died at Goslar on the 16th or 17th of March 1072, and was buried in the cathedral which he had built at Bremen.