The story of Alexander's cutting the fatal "Gordian knot" on the chariot of the ancient Phrygian king Gordius is connected with his stay in this place.
- Tarsal joint of an Ephemerid larva into which two Gordius larvae, (a,a) have penetrated.
(b) Imperforata poro laterali nullo: Gordius, Ascaris, Hirudo, Myxine.
According to Greek tradition there existed in early time a Phrygian kingdom in the Sangarius valley, ruled by kings among whom the names Gordius and Midas were common.
Phrygia Parorius and all the river-valleys are exceedingly fertile, and agriculture was the chief occupation of the ancient inhabitants; according to the myth, Gordius was called from the plough to the throne.
- Abdomen of female Gordius is turning and laying eggs.
Terga removed to expose the Gordius larva within.
There are a considerable number of species divided among the four genera: Gordius, Paragordius, Chordodes and Parachordodes; the last, a genus of Camerano's, is looked upon with some doubt by Montgomery.
According to the legend, Gordium was founded by Gordius, a Phrygian peasant who had been called to the throne by his countrymen in obedience to an oracle of Zeus commanding them to select the first person that rode up to the temple of the god in a wagon.
The first of these was said to have been the son of Gordius and Cybele, whose first priest he was, and in whose honour he founded a temple at Pessinus.